W. Schmalenbach, Kurt Schwitters, New York, 1967, p. 25 (illustrated).
C. Giedion-Welcker, Schriften 1926-1971, Cologne, 1973, p. 13 (illustrated).
J. Elderfield, Kurt Schwitters, London, 1987 (illustrated p. 46).
K. Orchard & I. Schulz, eds., Kurt Schwitters, Catalogue raisonné, vol. I, 1905-1922, Hanover, 2000, no. 429, p. 215 (illustrated).
Berlin, Galerie Der Sturm [Herwarth Walden], Kunstausstellung der Sturm, December 1919, no. 5.
Hanover, Kestner-Gesellschaft, Kurt Schwitters, February - March 1956, no. 43; this exhibition later travelled to Bern, Kunsthalle, April - May 1956; Amsterdam, Stedelijk Museum, June 1956; Brussels, Palais des Beaux-Arts, October - November 1956; and Liège, Musée des Beaux-Arts, November - December 1956.
Dusseldorf, Kunstverein für die Rheinlande und Westfalen, Dada, September - October 1958, no. 474; this exhibition later travelled to Frankfurt, Karmeliterkloster, October - November 1958; and Amsterdam, Stedelijk Museum, December 1958 - February 1959.
Venice, XXX Biennale Internazionale di Venezia, June - October 1960, no. 62.
Stockholm, Konstsalongen Samlaren im Konstnärshuset, Kurt Schwitters, 1887-1948: Retrospektivt, 1962, no. 21; this exhibition later travelled to Copenhagen, Statens Museum for Kunst und Kunstforeningen, November 1962; London, Marlborough Fine Art, March - April 1963, no. 28; Cologne, Wallraf-Richartz Museum und Kölnischer Kunstverein, October - November 1963, no. 20; Rotterdam, Museum Boymans-van Beuningen, January - March 1964; and Rome, Marlborough Galleria d'Arte, April - May 1964, no. 15.
Los Angeles, UCLA Art Galleries, Kurt Schwitters: Retrospective, March - April 1965, no. 20; this exhibition later travelled to New York, Marlborough-Gerson Gallery, May - June 1965; Kansas City, The Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art, July - August 1965; and Toronto, Art Gallery of Toronto, September - October 1965.
Dallas, Museum of Fine Arts, Kurt Schwitters: Retrospective, November - December 1965; this exhibition later travelled to San Francisco, Museum of Art, January - February 1966; and St Louis, City Art Museum, March - April 1966.
Dusseldorf, Städtische Kunsthalle, Kurt Schwitters, January - March 1971, no. 18; this exhibition later travelled to Berlin, Akademie der Künste, March - April 1971; Stuttgart, Staatsgalerie, May - July 1971; Basel, Kunsthalle, July - September 1971; and Hamburg, Kunstverein, September - November 1971.
London, Marlborough Fine Art, Merz: Kurt Schwitters, October 1972, no. 15 (illustrated); this exhibition later travelled to Zurich, November 1972 - January 1973; New York, Marlborough Gallery, February - March 1973; Rome, Marlborough Galleria d'Arte, September - November 1973; and Vienna, Museum des 20. Jahrhunderts, December 1973.
Madrid, Fundación Juan March, Kurt Schwitters, September - December 1982, no. 19; this exhibition later travelled to Barcelona, Fundació Joan Miró, December 1982.
New York, Marlborough Gallery, Masters of the 19th and 20th Centuries, May - June 1983, no. 43 (illustrated).
Karuizawa, The Museum of Modern Art, Seibu Takanawa, Kurt Schwitters, July - October 1983, no. 17 (illustrated); this exhibition later travelled to Tokyo, Seibu Museum of Art, October - November 1983.
New York, Museum of Modern Art, Kurt Schwitters, June - October 1985, no. 47 (illustrated); this exhibition later travelled to London, Tate Gallery, November 1985 - January 1986; and Hanover, Sprengel Museum, February - April 1986.