DARWIN, Charles Robert (1809-1882). The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals. London: John Murray, 1872. 8° (188 x 121mm). 7 heliotype plates (3 folding), 21 text-illustrations. (Title and preliminaries lightly spotted, small nick to E3, quire L soiled and crease-marked at bottom margin.) Original green cloth (extremities rubbed, rear hinge split). Provenance: Quentin Keynes (1921-2003, gift to his doctor). [With, laid down on the front pastedown:]
C. DARWIN. Autograph letter signed to Miss [Mary Charlotte] Lloyd (fl. 1860s-1870s), Down, Beckenham, Kent, 5 June [1872?], 3 pages, 8°, with integral blank, thanking her for 'a most spirited drawing of a dog' received the day before. He admires it much but regrets that she 'should have taken so much trouble in vain' since two sketches of dogs in the same 'frame of mind are now actually in the hands of the engraver'. He was not aware that Miss Bonham Carter was going to apply to her for a drawing, already having one sketch 'which will do moderately well' and 'a second from a young artist, which seemed to me so true and spirited that I at once sent it off to the engraver'.
FIRST EDITION WITH A LETTER FROM DARWIN of this sequel to the Descent of Man. In conformity with Freeman's second issue, this copy has three preliminaries and numbering of the plates in roman; in conformity with his first issue, the last two gatherings are 2B2 2C3. The critical target of the book was Charles Bell's Anatomy and Philosophy of Expression (1844); it was clear to Darwin that human facial muscles had evolved as opposed to being divinely created as a unique means of self-expression. Darwin was not only concerned with anthropological observations but expressions of emotion from throughout the animal kingdom, and the present work contains no less than six woodcuts of dogs. Miss Lloyd was possibly the owner of the house where the Darwins stayed at Caerdon, Barmouth, North Wales. Two other letters to her are recorded in Correspondence, both dated 1869. Freeman 1141-1142; Norman 600, disputing Freeman's issue points; Correspondence 8370.