London – The enduring appeal of the finest quality Persian carpets continues to command audiences today. One of the strongest selections of Persian carpets offered to the market in recent years will feature Christie’s bi-annual London sale on 15 April 2010. Highlights include a stunning and rare mid-17th century Kirman ‘vase’ carpet (estimate: £200,000-300,000). This particular example reflects how the weavers of Kirman were arguably the most inventive and influential of all carpet designers, at this time. “This example has huge charm, subtlety and balance, which combine in a design of deceptive simplicity”, commented William Robinson, Director, Rugs and Carpets.
Since the 16th century weavers in the Islamic world have created carpets directly for export to be used in houses in Europe and, more recently, America. An early and famous connoisseur was King Henry VIII of England (r.1509-1547) who is depicted, in portraits, standing on carpets very similar to a Star Ushak carpet from West Anatolia, last quarter 15th or first quarter 16th century, in the upcoming sale (estimate: £50,000-80,000).
When sitting in front of the loom, each weaver starts with a plain rectangle within which almost any design can be created. At one other end of the weaving scale is the tribeswoman who has no cartoon, just an amazing memory for traditional patterns. This sale is particularly rich in weavings by the Qashqai tribe, a nomadic tribe who live in western Iran. The best examples use wool that is extraordinarily soft, occasionally accented with purple silk wefts running between the rows of knots. One remarkable example dates to circa 1870, illustrated right, which even has the end panels fully woven in the piled technique; these parts of the rug were invariably flatwoven (estimate: £5,000-7,000).
In other contexts, such as an established workshop, a very rigid cartoon was used. Perfection was the aim, and the fineness of the materials, the number of knots per centimeter, the quality of the dyes employed all have a major part to play in the appreciation of such carpets. Collectors of workshop carpets are looking for examples where all these features come together, as illustrated by a number of silk rugs in this sale. One of the best workshops of silk carpets, that has always been highly collectable, is that established in Koum Kapi, the “sand gate” on the southern edge of Istanbul, a beautiful example is from circa 1920 (estimate: £18,000-20,000). Some of these examples are signed by the master weaver Zareh Penyamin who concealed his signature within the metal thread details that he wove into the silk design. The auction includes a near-pair of silk and metal thread Koum Kapi prayer rugs by Penyamin which were last sold in Christie’s in 1985; each circa 1910 with estimates of £25,000 to £35,000.
The sale is particularly rich in silk rugs, a number of which come from a private collection that has been built up over the last 25 years, including a souf Kashan carpet; a carpet woven with the design in coloured pile against a silver thread ground, creating a relief or souf effect (estimate: £12,000-18,000).
Of all the Persian silk rugs it tends to be the products of Heriz that are the most sought after. The sale has two truly extraordinary examples. One is a pictorial rug depicting an enthroned young Qajar prince (estimate: £22,000-28,000) while the other, which displays a wonderful finesse of weave and a potentially unique method of plaiting silver wire into the structure, bears the very rare signature of Rajab (estimate: £40,000-60,000).
The classic period of courtly rug production was the 16th and 17th century, whether in Turkey, Persia or India; the influences of the rugs of that period have echoed down through subsequent centuries to contemporary rug designs. The sale has one beautiful Fereghan rug from early 19th century West Persia, that is inspired by the extraordinary millefleurs rugs from India in the 17th century, which were woven with an incredible fineness, in pashmina wool (estimate: £35,000-50,000).
Additional highlights include two remarkable Agra carpets in the sale that would look stunning in any interior and are of excellent quality. One is from circa 1890 (estimate: £25,000-35,000) and the other is from mid-19th century (estimate: £40,000-60,000). The styles of these carpets demonstrate that certain classic looks never go out of fashion.
More recently created highlights in the sale include an extremely fine Meshed carpet made by one of the late Shah of Iran’s favourite weavers, Saber, North East Persia, circa 1940 (estimate: £8,000-12,000).
# # #
Images available on request
Visit Christie’s Web site at www.christies.com
Founded in 1766, Christie’s is a world-leading art and luxury business. Renowned and trusted for its expert live and online auctions, as well as its bespoke private sales, Christie’s offers a full portfolio of global services to its clients, including art appraisal, art financing, international real estate and education. Christie’s has a physical presence in 46 countries, throughout the Americas, Europe, Middle East, and Asia Pacific, with flagship international sales hubs in New York, London, Hong Kong, Paris and Geneva. It also is the only international auction house authorized to hold sales in mainland China (Shanghai).
Christie’s auctions span more than 80 art and luxury categories, at price points ranging from $200 to over $100 million. In recent years, Christie’s has achieved the world record price for an artwork at auction (Leonardo da Vinci’s Salvador Mundi, 2017), for a single collection sale (the Collection of Peggy and David Rockefeller, 2018), and for a work by a living artist (Jeff Koons’ Rabbit, 2019).
Christie’s Private Sales offers a seamless service for buying and selling art, jewellery and watches outside of the auction calendar, working exclusively with Christie’s specialists at a client’s individual pace.
Recent innovations at Christie’s include the groundbreaking sale of the first NFT for a digital work of art ever offered at a major auction house (Beeple’s Everydays, March 2021), with the unprecedented acceptance of cryptocurrency as a means of payment. As an industry leader in digital innovation, Christie’s also continues to pioneer new technologies that are redefining the business of art, including the creation of viewing and bidding experiences that integrate augmented reality, global livestreaming, buy-now channels, and hybrid sales formats.
Christie’s is dedicated to advancing responsible culture throughout its business and communities worldwide, including achieving sustainability through net zero carbon emissions by 2030, and actively using its platform in the art world to amplify under-represented voices and support positive change.
Browse, bid, discover, and join us for the best of art and luxury at: www.christies.com or by downloading Christie’s apps. The COVID-related re-opening status of our global locations is available here.