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ATTRIBUTED TO BENCINI, CIRCA 1770
ATTRIBUTED TO BENCINI, CIRCA 1770

Marie Louise, Holy Roman Empress, facing left in lace-edged white silk dress with pink bows at corsage and sleeves, the badge of the Order of the Starry Cross attached to her left breast, wearing rich diamond jewellery

Details
ATTRIBUTED TO BENCINI, CIRCA 1770
Marie Louise, Holy Roman Empress, facing left in lace-edged white silk dress with pink bows at corsage and sleeves, the badge of the Order of the Starry Cross attached to her left breast, wearing rich diamond jewellery
oval, 1.7/8 in. (48 mm.) high, engraved silver-gilt frame with glazed silk reverse
Provenance
Hanna von Foresti, Vienna (in 1903).
Alfred von Strasser-Sánczi, Vienna (in 1905, 1906, 1931).
Literature
G. E. Pazaurek, Miniatur-Porträte, Reichenberg, 1903, p. 16, illustrated p. 13, fig. 46.
H. Fuchs, Die Österreichische Bildnisminiatur, Vienna, 1981, I, p. 107 (verbo Kisling).
Exhibited
Reichenberg (Liberec), Nordböhmisches Gewerbemuseum, Miniatur-Porträt-Ausstellung, 1903 (lent by Hanna von Foresti, Vienna).
Troppau, Kaiser Franz Josef-Museum fr Kunst und Gewerbe (Schlesisches Landesmuseum), 1905, no. 231 (lent by Alfred von Strasser-Sánczi, Vienna).
Berlin, Kaiser Friedrich Museums Verein, Miniaturenausstellung, 1906 (lent by Alfred von Strasser-Sánczi, Vienna).
Vienna, Nationalbibliothek, Das gemalte Kleinporträt, no. 256 (as attributed to Kisling, lent by Alfred von Strasser-Sánczi, Vienna).

Lot Essay

Marie Louise (or Maria Ludovica) of Bourbon (1745-1792), daughter of King Charles III of Spain and Princess Anna Amalia of Saxony, was married to the Grand Duke Peter Leopold of Tuscany, future Emperor Leopold II of Austria, in 1765. Among their sixteen children, born between 1767 and 1788, were Francis (see lot 159), who succeeded his father as Holy Roman Emperor in 1792, and Ferdinand (see preceding lot), who succeeded his father as Grand Duke of Tuscany in 1790. In a diary notice of 1779, Count Zinzendorf remarked on her beautiful satin morning gown 'which she really needed as she was quite ugly and oldish'. She tolerated her husband's numerous extra-marital affairs and became even friendly with his mistress the dancer Livia Raimondi.
This miniature is after the oil painting by Anton Rafael Mengs in the Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna.
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