Paul Czanne (1839-1906)
Paul Czanne (1839-1906)

Portrait de Madame Czanne

Details
Paul Czanne (1839-1906)
Portrait de Madame Czanne
oil on canvas
7.7/8 x 5 in. (20 x 14.6 cm.)
Painted circa 1883
Provenance
Ambroise Vollard, Paris (no. 3981 [B]?).
Gustave Geffroy, Paris.
(Prince de Wagram, Paris?.)
Galerie Bernheim-Jeune, Paris.
Alfred Flechtheim, Dusseldorf.
Hugo Simon, Berlin; his sale, Galerie Paul Cassirer, Berlin, Oct. 1932, lot 114 (illustrated).
Eugen Weissner, Hamburg.
Eric Alport, Oxford.
Literature
J. Royre, Kunst und Knstler, 1912, p. 481 (illustrated).
H. von Wedderkop, Leipzig, 1922 (illustrated in frontispiece and reproduced in colour).
Kunst und Knstler, 1932, p. 424 (illustrated).
Portrait et nus, Recueil importants des oeuvres de Paul Czanne, vol. II, Tokyo, 1935 (illustrated pl. 4).
L. Venturi, Czanne, son art - son oeuvre, vol. I, Paris, 1936, no. 533 (illustrated vol. II, pl. 166, dated 1883-5 in this edition and 1886-88 in the revised edition).
A. van Buren, Art Quarterly, 1966, p. 122.
J. Rewald, The Paintings of Paul Czanne, A Catalogue raisonn, vol. I, New York, 1996, no. 533 (illustrated vol. II, p. 174).
Exhibited
Cologne, Sonderbund, 1912, no. 149.
Dusseldorf, Galerie Alfred Flechtheim, Erffnungskatalog, 1913 (illustrated p. 58).
Berlin, Galerie Paul Cassirer, 1921, no. 23.
London, National Gallery, Nineteenth Century French Painting, 1942, no. 29.
Edinburgh, Royal Scottish Academy, The Arts Coucil of Great Britain, Czanne, 1954, no. 28; this exhibition later travelled to London, The Tate Gallery.
London, Wildenstein & Co. Ltd., The French Impressionists and some of their Contemporaries, April-May 1963, no. 23 (illustrated).

Lot Essay

Czanne was preoccupied by portraiture throughout his career and his wife, Hortense, was his most frequent sitter. He depicted Hortense more frequently in the 1880s than at any other time. In this relatively early portrait of Hortense he is already beginning to concentrate on form and imposes a certain geometry on his wife's physiognomy which is less evident in his tender drawings of the same period (fig. 2).

The present work, executed circa 1883, dates from the period in which Czanne was emerging form his so-called 'constructive' phase, with its woven network of parallel brushstrokes, and was entering his 'classical' phase which was to culminate in the celebrated series of portraits of Mme. Czanne executed between 1888 and 1890 (see fig. 1).
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