WILLIAM III (KING OF ENGLAND, 1650-1702)
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WILLIAM III (KING OF ENGLAND, 1650-1702)

Details
WILLIAM III (KING OF ENGLAND, 1650-1702)

Manuscript document signed, 'An Establishment of their Majestys Guards, Garrisons and Land-Fforces commencing the First Day of Aprill 1692. In the ffourth year of their Majesties Reign', signed by the King ('William R', on 18 pages) and counter-signed by Daniel Finch, 2nd Earl of Nottingham (on 10 pages). Manuscript in brown ink, written in several scribal hands within borders and columns ruled in red, 60 pages, 320 x 365 mm, blanks. Contemporary gilt-panelled red morocco, covers with gilt arms of William III centrally placed within a floral roll-tool panel and an outer panel of dots with floral sprays at corners and semi-circular side-pieces, the flat spine gilt in nine compartments with repeated ornament, two compartments with inserted metal studs, comb-marbled endpapers, gilt edges (stitching broken, some scuff marks, extremities rubbed, spine frayed at head and slightly torn at foot).

THE ESTABLISHMENT BOOK OF THE ENGLISH ARMY FOR THE WARS WITH LOUIS XIV OF FRANCE. The book lists daily and annual rates of pay, allowances, and rewards for the different ranks in the regiments of Guards, Footsoldiers and Horse and for companies of Miners, Pensioners and Grenadiers; the costs of numerous garrisons, 'Regulation of Fire and Candle' and the Establishments of the Dutch and Danish forces in William's service. Payments to 'Generall Officers and Contingencies', include the substantial sum of six pounds per day to the 'Generall of the Ffoot', one pound to the Paymaster-General and 10 shillings to the Surgeon General. The annual budget for the six regiments of Horse is £123,808, and for one company of the Coldstream Regiment of Foot Guards, £1864-10-10. The continuation of the Anglo-French conflict overseas is reflected in the wages of a company of foot in the Leeward Islands, and two companies for New York. Among numerous other expenses are wages and clothing for a company of 150 Pensioners 'to do duty constantly at the Castle of Windsor', and for various quaintly named officers at the Tower of London including 'The Yeoman Porter for Oyle and Candle at the Gates', 'The Scavenger' and 'Gentleman Gaoler'. The total cost of the Land Forces in the Establishment Book amounts to £1,124,867-10-1 per annum, and of the Garrisons, £1,143,183-10-11.

The early years of the reign of William and Mary witnessed a massive increase in military spending and William added to James II's standing army the English and Scottish regiments formerly in the Dutch service, the forces of the gentry who had sided with him in the Revolution of 1688, and the Irish regiments raised against Tyrconnel. He also retained some of his Dutch troops, and German and Danish forces for use in Flanders.
Provenance
Herbert Francis Eaton, Baron Cheylesmore (1848-1925, bookplate).
Anonymous sale; Sotheby's, London, 27 September 1988, lot 91 (to Dreesmann).
Dr Anthony C.R. Dreesmann (inventory no. Y-69).
Special notice

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