The Three Churches, 1941 was made during Lange's Guggenheim fellowship. Her aim was to document three religious communities in rural America - the Hutterites, the Amish, and the Mormons. However, in this view, taken on the plains in South Dakota, she seems to have stumbled on three more traditional denominations - Catholic, Baptist, and Lutheran - each within earshot of the other. On the mount she has inscribed a quote from Section 16 of the Virginia Bill of Rights, 1776 reiterating the religious freedoms of all.
Lange gave the photograph to her friend Hazel Larsen Archer, a student and teacher at Black Mountain College.