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RHAZES [Abu Bakr Muhammad ibn Zakariya al-Razi]. Tibb Almansorem. Early 17th-century.

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RHAZES [Abu Bakr Muhammad ibn Zakariya al-Razi]. Tibb Almansorem. Early 17th-century.

8o (222 x 132 mm). Arabic manuscript on paper of neat black naskh arranged in one gold outlined column, opening illuminated gold and polychrome heading, 6 miniatures (with no relation to the text; painted most probably quite recently, and covering the text on these pages). Presumably copied by Ni'mat Allah ibn Shaikh Sultan, another reading could be Razi al-Din Shaikh Sultan. (Stained throughout heavily at beginning and end, some blank portions of leaves replaced with text fitted to size, a few other repaired, a few affecting text.) Rebound in leather, preserving old sides; morocco folding case. Inscriptions: A number of notes on the flyleaves state that the manuscript was inspected by some offical of the court. One inscription states that it was entered in the Royal [Mughal?] library. Another note reads: az zakhirah-i balad-i Avad tahvil Muhammad Nazish [Acquired by Muhammad Nazish? from Avadh on 22 Zil-qa'd 10?15, 1806]. Seals: There are five seals of Shah Jahan's courtiers on the first two leaves. There are two other seals with the words: Ya karim and Muhammad Hasan respectively. The earliest date given in any of these seals is: 1027 AH [1616].

Rhazes, a Persian philosopher and physician, was one of the most important writers on medicine in the medieval Islamic world and ranks with Hippocrates and Galen as one of the founders of clinical medicine. A follower of Galen, whose works he knew in Arabic translation, Rhazes did not hesitate to express doubts concerning traditional teachings when these were contradicted by his own observations. His Almansoris, named after the ruler to whom it was addressed became a popular textbook. "Although he was an important clinician, Rhazes' great contribution to medicine was as an encyclopedist. His compilations included extensive information from diverse sources and provided original clinical histories and the results of therapeutic experiments" (see Grolier Medicine). Sold not subject to return.
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