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A Napoleon III ormolu and patinated bronze three-piece garniture
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A Napoleon III ormolu and patinated bronze three-piece garniture

MANUFACTURED BY LÉON MARCHAND, THE FIGURES CAST FROM MODELS BY CHARLES CUMBERWORTH, PARIS, THIRD QUARTER 19TH CENTURY

Details
A Napoleon III ormolu and patinated bronze three-piece garniture
Manufactured by Léon Marchand, The figures cast from models by Charles Cumberworth, Paris, Third quarter 19th century
Comprising a mantel clock and pair of eight-light figural candelabra: the clock surmounted by a seated figure of Cleopatra holding a cup and a box of jewellery, a young scantily-clad hand-maiden at her side, signed to the side CUMBERWORTH sculptr and L. Marchand Editr, above a rocaille base with circular enamel dial inscribed L. MARCHAND/RUE RICHELIEU 57/A PARIS, the movement stamped VORDEWINT Her/102/PARIS, the figural candelabra en suite
The clock: 27½ in. (70 cm.) high; 23 in. (59 cm.) wide; 11 in. (28 cm.) deep; The candelabra: 37¼ in. (94.5 cm.) high (3)
Special Notice

No VAT will be charged on the hammer price, but VAT at 17.5% will be added to the buyer's premium, which is invoiced on a VAT inclusive basis.

Lot Essay

Cumberworth appears to have been born in the United States to an English father and French mother. In Paris this proved to be a considerable handicap, for his parentage was not only the cause for his rejection as a prize winner of the Prix de Rome in 1836, but also for his being awarded only three minor state commissions. Cumberworth's style is deeply indebted to his teacher, James Pradier, with whom he studied from 1829 to 1836. Side-lined by the Beaux-Arts system, Cumberworth naturally aligned himself with the emerging anti-academic sculptors of Romanticism in the 1830s, such as Feuchère, Dantan, Maindron and Barre. In the absence of official patronage, he was one of the first sculptors to create his models exclusively as statuettes and sell them to éditeurs, such as Susse. Appropriately, his models were also reproduced in England in parian-ware by Copeland.

The French catalogue of the 1862 International Exhibition records Léon Marchand as a fabricant de bronzes founded in 1820. The firm's artistic director was M. Piat and they offered complete interiors, candelabras en fer forgé et repoussé, chenets et cheminées. At the 1862 International Exhibition, Marchand exhibited a fisherboy by Schoenewerk and a group of Cleopatra by Cumberworth.
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