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A LOUIS XVI GOLD-LINED AVENTURINE GLASS BONBONNIÈRE SET WITH A MINIATURE
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A LOUIS XVI GOLD-LINED AVENTURINE GLASS BONBONNIÈRE SET WITH A MINIATURE

BY MATHIEU-PIERRE DUBOIS (FL. 1788-1793), MARKED, PARIS, 1788/1789, WITH THE CHARGE AND DISCHARGE MARKS OF JEAN-FRANÇOIS KALENDRIN 1789-1792, THE FLANGE ENGRAVED 'PETER THE GREAT', THE MINIATURE BY JEAN-BAPTISTE JOSEPH LE TELLIER (1759 - AFTER 1812)

Details
A LOUIS XVI GOLD-LINED AVENTURINE GLASS BONBONNIÈRE SET WITH A MINIATURE
BY MATHIEU-PIERRE DUBOIS (FL. 1788-1793), MARKED, PARIS, 1788/1789, WITH THE CHARGE AND DISCHARGE MARKS OF JEAN-FRANÇOIS KALENDRIN 1789-1792, THE FLANGE ENGRAVED 'PETER THE GREAT', THE MINIATURE BY JEAN-BAPTISTE JOSEPH LE TELLIER (1759 - AFTER 1812)
Circular blue and gold aventurine glass box, the independent cover centred with a glazed oval portrait miniature painted in watercolour and gouache on ivory, depicting the Duke of Brissac wearing the uniform of a colonel of the regiment of the Cent-Suisses and the blue sash of the Royal French Order of the Holy Ghost, within a three-colour gold mount stamped with scrollwork, pellets and ovolos on a sablé ground, the sides and base similarly bordered
2 7/8 in. (73 mm.) diam.
Provenance
William Astor, 3rd Viscount Astor (1907-1966), Cliveden, Buckinghamshire; Christie's, London, 27 June 1967, lot 123.
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Lot Essay

Louis Hercule Timoléon de Cossé, Duke of Brissac (1734-1792) held high status in the courts of Kings Louis XV and Louis XVI, was governor of Paris and commander-in-chief in the constitutional guard of Louis XVI. In 1792 he was arrested on suspicion of upholding royalist ideals and influencing the king to reign with an anti-revolutionary spirit. He was imprisoned at Orleans and later transferred to Versailles for his hearing at the High Court. During the transfer he managed to escape, but was later captured and killed during the September Massacres at Versailles for his devotion to the king. Brissac's head was mutilated, stuck on a stake and thrown on the carpet of his mistress, the notorious Countess Dubarry.
Two slightly earlier gold boxes with miniatures of the Duke, also by Le Tellier, were sold Sotheby's, London, 11 November 1993, lot 85, and Christie's, London, 25 May 2004, lot 139.
The present miniature is after a large oil portrait at Versailles Castle (inv. 9077), illustrated both in C. Constans, Musée national du Château de Versailles. Les peintures, Paris, 1995, II, p. 1089, no. 6158, and in the exhibition catalogue Madame Du Barry. De Versailles à Louveciennes, Marly-le-Roi, Musée-promenade, 1992, p. 169. A copy after the Versailles painting was sold Sotheby's, Amsterdam, 6 May 1997, then attributed to Carle van Loo.
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