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DRAKE, James (1667-1707). Anthropologia Nova; or, A New System of Anatomy. London: Sam. Smith and Benj. Walford, 1707.
DRAKE, James (1667-1707). Anthropologia Nova; or, A New System of Anatomy. London: Sam. Smith and Benj. Walford, 1707.

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DRAKE, James (1667-1707). Anthropologia Nova; or, A New System of Anatomy. London: Sam. Smith and Benj. Walford, 1707.

2 volumes, 8o (196 x 120 mm). Engraved frontispiece portrait by van der Gucht after Thomas Forster in vol. 1, 83 engraved plates (32 folding, including 5 outline duplicates) (some spotting and browning, plate 8 with small loss along central fold, a few marginal tears, repaired tears to a few plates). Contemporary panelled calf, spines gilt (rebacked preserving original spines, corners rubbed). Provenance: Sir John Thorold and Sir John Hayford Thorold of Syston Park (armorial bookplate); Dr. George Mitchell (calligraphic bookplate; his sale Sotheby's London, 24 March 1980, lot 156).

FIRST EDITION. In his preface Drake credits the surgeon, anatomist and artist, William Cowper, for valuable aid in both the text and illustrations for Anthropologia. The work was very successful until displaced by Cheselden's anatomy, not only because of Cowper's influence but because it was a handy compendium of contemporary European anatomy, with more than half its plates taken directly from Blankaart's Anatomia reformata, which compiled discoveries by Bartholin, de Graaf, Swammerdam, Malpighi, and others. Drake also included a chapter, "Of the Nose" written by Cowper which described the operation Cowper pioneered to empty Highmore's antrum of deposits. He extracted the first permanent molar, and then penetrated through its alveolus into the sinus with a pointed instrument. Garrison-Morton 3247; Russell, British Anatomy, 286; Wellcome II, 485. (2)

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