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INHABITED INITIAL Q with a youthful figure, on a leaf from a noted Passionary for Easter week, ILLUSTRATED MANUSCRIPT ON VELLUM
MEDIEVAL AND RENAISSANCE MANUSCRIPTS Lots 1 and 2 comprise 5 leaves and one bifolium from 12th-century liturgical manuscripts that are likely to have originated and remained in Salzburg where they were all acquired by the businessman, art lover and landscape painter Carl von Frey (1826-1896). They were part of the extensive, varied collection he kept in Freyburg, the 'Gothick' reconstruction on Mönchsburg in Salzburg that was his favourite residence. All of the folios had served in binding later volumes or registers: lot 1 has a shelfmark CC 10 and a leaf in lot 2 was apparently used in the same series and has the cut remnants of CC 2. In 1893 the leaves were shown to Pater Willibald Hauthaler, later Abbot of St Peter's in Salzburg, who annotated them in red ink. They remained in Freyburg in the possession of the descendants of Frey until their purchase by the present owner. The initials are characteristically Austrian in style and can be compared to work in manuscripts from St Peter's itself. The figures in the inhabited initials are compellingly close to some in the Abbey's three-volume Bible and may be by the same hand (Salzburg, Stiftbibliothek St. Peter, Cod.a.XII.18-20); for example see G. Swarzenski, Salzburger Malerei, ii, Pl.CXVI, fig.393, and Hl. Rupert von Salzburg 696-1996 , exh. cat., Salzburg, 1996, no 157.
INHABITED INITIAL Q with a youthful figure, on a leaf from a noted Passionary for Easter week, ILLUSTRATED MANUSCRIPT ON VELLUM

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INHABITED INITIAL Q with a youthful figure, on a leaf from a noted Passionary for Easter week, ILLUSTRATED MANUSCRIPT ON VELLUM

[Austria, probably Salzburg, c.1160]
220 x 217mm. Recto with initial (bowl 105mm diameter), drawn in brown and orange with a figure among scrolling tendrils and the terminal in the form of a fire-breathing winged dragon, text and music in St Gall neumes, 22 lines on verso, rubrics in orange, one- and two-line initials of brown with orange infilling (recovered binding fragment: vellum darkened, some spotting, corner lacking, eight wormholes, small cut in one line of text).

This folio carries Lamentations II, 2, 1-14 opening 'Quomodo obtexit caligine'. Once part of a Passionary -- a manuscript containing musical settings of the Gospel accounts of Christ's Passion, the Lamentations of Jeremiah and the Blessing of Candles to be performed successively on the days of Holy Week. Presented here, as in examples from the 9th to 13th centuries, as a monophonic composition Lamentations 2 was performed on Good Friday. The appealing figure in the initial may represent the 'daughter of Zion' mentioned in the opening lines of the text.

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Annegret Pettigrew
Annegret Pettigrew

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