Allan Ramsay, R.A. (Edinburgh 1713-1784)
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Allan Ramsay, R.A. (Edinburgh 1713-1784)

Portrait of Frederick, Lord North K.G., later 2nd Earl of Guilford (1732-1792), half-length, in a red coat and waistcoat, with the sash and star of the Order of the Garter, before a draped curtain

Details
Allan Ramsay, R.A. (Edinburgh 1713-1784)
Portrait of Frederick, Lord North K.G., later 2nd Earl of Guilford (1732-1792), half-length, in a red coat and waistcoat, with the sash and star of the Order of the Garter, before a draped curtain
with the arms of North within the Garter motto and with earl's coronet above, for Frederick, 2nd Earl of Guilford
oil on canvas
36 5/8 x 36 5/8 in. (93.1 x 93.1 cm.)
Provenance
by descent in the sitter's family to Henry North, 3rd Earl of Sheffield (the sitter's second daughter having married the 1st Earl), Sheffield Park, Sussex; (+) Christie's, London, 11 December 1909, lot 116, as 'Reynolds' (Buttery).
with Casson Galleries, Boston, by 1925.
with Howard Young, New York.
with Anderson Galleries, Chicago.
Anonymous sale; Sotheby's, Los Angeles, 2 March 1977, lot 827.
Literature
A. Smart, Allan Ramsay: A Complete Catalogue of His Painting, New Haven and London, 1999, p. 166, no. 407, fig. 529.
J. Ingamells, National Portrait Gallery: Mid-Georgian Portraits 1760-1790, London, 2004, p. 221.
Special notice

VAT rate of 5% is payable on hammer price and at 20% on the buyer's premium.

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Lot Essay

The eldest son of Francis North, 1st Earl of Guilford, the sitter served as Lord of the Treasury (1759-65) and Chancellor of the Exchequer (1767-82), before being appointed Prime Minister in 1770. He led Britain though most of the American War of Independence and was made a Knight of the Garter in 1772. Lord North only succeeded his father as 2nd Earl of Guilford in 1790.
North had his portrait painted by Pompeo Batoni when he was in Rome in 1753, and later by Nathaniel Dance, in Chancellor's gown with the sash of the Garter, between 1773 and 1774. The present portrait was executed in 1761, before North had been made a Knight of the Garter and before he succeeded his father as 2nd Earl of Guilford. The star and sash of the Garter, as well as the coat of arms are later additions, which may explain why the Garter star is depicted incorrectly, with a red, rather than a blue motto ground.

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