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PENTECOST, miniature on a leaf from a Gradual, in Latin, ILLUMINATED MANUSCRIPT ON VELLUM
PENTECOST, miniature on a leaf from a Gradual, in Latin, ILLUMINATED MANUSCRIPT ON VELLUM
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PENTECOST, miniature on a leaf from a Gradual, in Latin, ILLUMINATED MANUSCRIPT ON VELLUM

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PENTECOST, miniature on a leaf from a Gradual, in Latin, ILLUMINATED MANUSCRIPT ON VELLUM
[Flanders, c.1520]

336 x 240mm. Miniature of the Pentecost with a scatter border to two sides, ten lines of text written in black ink in a gothic bookhand below ten four-line staves ruled in red with music of a square notation, the opening initial overlapping the miniature, a large initial in blue patterned in reserve and two initials flourished with heads (slight creasing and cockling with a few small paint losses to miniature). Framed.

The leaf corresponds in script, text decoration, shaped border and style of the miniature with the surviving leaves of the Gradual commissioned c.1524 from the Leuven scribe Francis Weert by Marcus Cruyt, Abbot of Hemiksem near Antwerp (see N. Morgan and S. Panayotova eds, A Catalogue of Western Book Illumination in the Fitzwilliam Museum and the Cambridge Colleges, Part I, Vol. 2, 2009, pp.240-243). The leaf for Pentecost from Cruyt's Gradual, which has nine staves to a page, is in Brussels, KBR ms II 3633, and the present leaf, smaller and with ten smaller staves, must come from a second gradual by the same craftsmen, probably also intended for a monastic house. Among Weert's patrons were Abbot Antonius Tsgrooten of Tongerloo in 1522 (BL Add. MSS 15426-7) and Abbot Ambrosius van Engelen of Park Abbey outside Leuven in 1525 (KBR MSS 11556 and II 2347; Oxford, Wadham College ms.A.7.8). The miniatures of the Cruyt Gradual have been attributed to an Associate of the Master of Cardinal Wolsey but they, and the present miniature, forego his exaggerated Italianate mannerisms for a serene stability and more finished surface.
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