A MEISSEN ARMORIAL PLATE FROM THE ST. ANDREW THE FIRST CALLED SERVICE
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A MEISSEN ARMORIAL PLATE FROM THE ST. ANDREW THE FIRST CALLED SERVICE

CIRCA 1744-45, BLUE CROSSED SWORDS MARK AND PRESSNUMMER 20, RED HERMITAGE INVENTORY NUMBER

Details
A MEISSEN ARMORIAL PLATE FROM THE ST. ANDREW THE FIRST CALLED SERVICE
CIRCA 1744-45, BLUE CROSSED SWORDS MARK AND PRESSNUMMER 20, RED HERMITAGE INVENTORY NUMBER
Moulded with Gotzkowsky erhabene Blumen, the centre painted with a rose and blue flowers, the border centred at the top with the Imperial Russian crowned double-head eagle and with the Badge of the Order of St. Andrew below, with a carnation and an orange flower at the sides, the rim gilt with a diaper and egg and dart pattern border (minor small chip to interior edge of footrim)
9¾ in. (24.8 cm.) diam.
Provenance
Given by King August III of Poland to Elizabeth I Petrovna of Russia
Dr. Andreina Torre, and thence by descent.
Special notice

VAT rate of 5% is payable on hammer price and at 20% on the buyer's premium.

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Tom Johans

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Lot Essay

This service was given by the Saxon Elector Friedrich August II (King August III of Poland) to Elizabeth I Petrovna on the occasion of the marriage of her nephew, Grand Prince Peter Fedorovich, later Peter III, to Sophie-Auguste von Anhalt-Zerbst, later Catherine II Alekseevna (Catherine the Great, Empress of Russia 1762-1796).

Some 440 pieces of the service are listed in an inventory (dated 5th November 1745) of chattels belonging to the Imperial household of St. Petersburg, and 145 pieces are still in the Hermitage. For another plate and a discussion of the service see D. Hoffmeister, Meissener Porzellan des 18. Jahrhunderts, Katalog der Sammlung Hoffmeister, Hamburg, 2000, Vol. II., pp. 546-547, no. 363 and pp. 572-574. See also U. Pietsch, Frühes Meissener Porzellan Sammlung Carabelli Munich, 2000, p. 264, no. 135, and R. Rückert, Meissener Porzellan, Munich, 1966, no. 482.

The Order of St. Andrew, the highest of all Russian Imperial Orders, was founded in 1698 by Peter the Great, and the cross is a simplified version of the Order's badge; depicted without the black double-headed eagle that usually accompanies it, and St. Andrew is also depicted without a halo. The letters at each end of the cross, S, A, P and R are an abbreviation of Sanctus Andreas Patronus Russiae.

A plate from the service was sold in these Rooms on 6 November 2008, lot 231, and another on 13 December 2001, lot 6531.

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