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A FINE SET OF FOUR GEORGE II SILVER CANDLESTICKS
PROPERTY OF A FLORIDA COLLECTOR
A FINE SET OF FOUR GEORGE II SILVER CANDLESTICKS

MARK OF PAUL CRESPIN, LONDON, 1747

Details
A FINE SET OF FOUR GEORGE II SILVER CANDLESTICKS
MARK OF PAUL CRESPIN, LONDON, 1747
In the Régence taste, each on a shaped circular base, with egg-and-dart border with shells and foliage at intervals, between quatrefoils and pellets on a matted ground, below a reeded band, rising to a faceted and knopped stem of baluster form, with shells, husks, and scalloped decoration, the socket of vase-form, with conforming decoration, the nozzles with egg-and-dart border, each engraved with mirror cypher 'C' beneath an Earl's coronet, engraved under bases No. 1 29=12, No. 2 30=1, No. 3 30=11, No. 4 31=3, each marked under base
9¾ in. (24.8 cm.) high; 127 oz. (3,964 gr.) (4)
Provenance
Commissioned by Henry, 2nd Earl of Rochester and 4th Earl of Clarendon of the first creation (1672-1753) or commissioned by Thomas, 1st Earl of Clarendon of the second creation (1709-1786) and then by descent
The Property of the Right Hon. the Earl of Clarendon, sold
Sotheby's, London, 18 July 1940, lot 65

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Lot Essay

The engraved cypher is for either Henry, 2nd Earl of Rochester and 4th Earl of Clarendon of the first creation (1672-1753) or his son-in-law Thomas, 1st Earl of Clarendon of the second creation (1709-1786).


French candlesticks in the Régence taste were particularly admired by English silver patrons. For example, Lord Clarendon's silver collection included a pair of candlesticks by Gabriel Gallois of 1716 (sold Christie's, London, 1 December 2004, lot 703). The present lot, in the Régence taste, is based on a French model such as that supplied to John, 3rd Earl of Bute by Nicholas Outrebon of Paris in 1735 (sold Christie's, London, 3 July 1996, lot 93).

Paul Crespin was the first English silversmith known to copy this pattern, producing a set of eight candlesticks for John, 2nd Earl of Ashburnham in 1736 (four now in the Ashmolean Museum, Oxford). The model proved popular with English clientele and was copied by makers including John Cafe, Thomas Heming and Ebenezer Coker as late as 1772.

These candlesticks formed part of a large silver commission which Lord Clarendon placed with the silversmith Paul Crespin. Crespin supplied silver to some of the most important patrons of the day, including the Duke of Marlborough, the Duke of Devonshire, and the Duke of Portland. The Crespin commission, almost all of which is engraved with the mirror cypher C beneath an Earl's coronet, included a set of four waiters and a shell-shaped bowl of 1746, as well as six double spice boxes of 1749, sold Christie's, London, 1 December 2004, lots 702-704. Crespin also produced six shell pedestal salt cellars of 1748-49 and two tazzas of 1746 which sold Sotheby's, London, 18 July 1940.

Lord Clarendon's collection also included six matching candlesticks to the present lot (four by Thomas Heming of 1758 and two of 1810) which were sold in Sotheby's 1940 sale.
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