BATTLE OF LEGHORN -- attributed to Alfonso Parigi the younger (1606-1656). Topographical depiction of the Battle of Leghorn, APPARENTLY DRAWN ON THE DAY OF THE BATTLE, entitled 'Pianta e veduta di dua armate di vacelli uno ingilese e lotra fiaminga abbatate alla spiaggia di livorno fatta il di 14 di marzo 1652 [i.e. 1653]', showing the two fleets in the thick of the action, with the harbour of Leghorn in the foreground and the islands of the Tuscan archipelago and the farthest point of Corsica on the horizon, manuscript key at the lower margin ('E. la mirantte delli ingilesi, abordata da dua nave fianmige e rimessa ... G. la nave sansone abordata da dua vacelli fianmingi e uno burlotto che gli dette foco'), ink and watercolour on paper, 345 x 460mm (some spotting and staining, loss to lower left corner, minor splits, laid down), framed and glazed.
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BATTLE OF LEGHORN -- attributed to Alfonso Parigi the younger (1606-1656). Topographical depiction of the Battle of Leghorn, APPARENTLY DRAWN ON THE DAY OF THE BATTLE, entitled 'Pianta e veduta di dua armate di vacelli uno ingilese e lotra fiaminga abbatate alla spiaggia di livorno fatta il di 14 di marzo 1652 [i.e. 1653]', showing the two fleets in the thick of the action, with the harbour of Leghorn in the foreground and the islands of the Tuscan archipelago and the farthest point of Corsica on the horizon, manuscript key at the lower margin ('E. la mirantte delli ingilesi, abordata da dua nave fianmige e rimessa ... G. la nave sansone abordata da dua vacelli fianmingi e uno burlotto che gli dette foco'), ink and watercolour on paper, 345 x 460mm (some spotting and staining, loss to lower left corner, minor splits, laid down), framed and glazed.

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BATTLE OF LEGHORN -- attributed to Alfonso Parigi the younger (1606-1656). Topographical depiction of the Battle of Leghorn, APPARENTLY DRAWN ON THE DAY OF THE BATTLE, entitled 'Pianta e veduta di dua armate di vacelli uno ingilese e lotra fiaminga abbatate alla spiaggia di livorno fatta il di 14 di marzo 1652 [i.e. 1653]', showing the two fleets in the thick of the action, with the harbour of Leghorn in the foreground and the islands of the Tuscan archipelago and the farthest point of Corsica on the horizon, manuscript key at the lower margin ('E. la mirantte delli ingilesi, abordata da dua nave fianmige e rimessa ... G. la nave sansone abordata da dua vacelli fianmingi e uno burlotto che gli dette foco'), ink and watercolour on paper, 345 x 460mm (some spotting and staining, loss to lower left corner, minor splits, laid down), framed and glazed.

Literature: F. Vallerini, 'Un disegno inedito. La battaglia anglo-olandese del 1653 dinanzi al porto di Livorno', Rassegna periodica di Informazioni del Comune di Pisa, 2-3, 1968, pp.17-20
Maria Teresa Lazzarini, La battaglia del Fanale nella pittura di mare in Toscana, 1995.

The Battle of Leghorn during the First Anglo-Dutch War was a victory for the Dutch Mediterranean fleet under Commodore Johan van Galen, who destroyed a smaller English squadron under Captain Henry Appleton before it could link up with a second English fleet under Captain Richard Bradiley. The present depiction of the battle is attributed by Maria Teresa Lazzarini to the Tuscan court architect, Alfonso Parigi, on the basis of refences in the journal of a local official, the balì Gondi. The journal records the receipt of Parigi's depiction of the battle on 15 March 1653, the day after the battle, making it highly probable that the drawing was executed while the action was actually underway ('si tratta di una illustratzione eseguita mentre il combattimento anglo olandese era in corso').
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