Lyonel Feininger (1871-1956)
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Lyonel Feininger (1871-1956)

Mondaufgang in Neppermin

Lyonel Feininger (1871-1956)
Mondaufgang in Neppermin
signed 'Lyonel Feininger' (on a label on the reverse)
oil on burlap
15¼ x 24¾ in. (38.7 x 63 cm.)
Painted in 1910
Dr. Walter Kaesbach, Hemmenhofen, by whom acquired circa 1914 until at least 1961.
Anonymous sale, Stuttgarter Kunstkabinett, Stuttgart, 1961, lot 69.
Marlborough Gerson Inc., New York (no. 426X).
Private collection, New York, by 1969.
Private collection, Bern, by 1998.
Galerie Thomas, Munich.
Acquired from the above by the present owner in 1998.
M. Bartels, Papileo auf Usedom. Eine Feininger-Radtour, Benz, 2009, p. 60 (illustrated).
H. Hess, Lyonel Feininger, London, 1961, no. 61 (illustrated p. 253).
R. Franz, 'IDer vierundachtzigjährige Feininger' in Kunst, vol. II, 1955, pp. 41-44 (illustrated).
H. Schulz-Vanselow, Lyonel Feininger und Pommern, Kiel, 1999, p. 117 (illustrated pl. 63).
E. Thiesen, '"Künstlerfreundschaften" in Briefen und Bildern', in Land und Leute Bauernblatt, 8 August 1998, p. 30 (illustrated).
Munich, Bayerische Akademie der Schönen Künste, Lyonel Feininger, September - Ocotber 1954, no. 4; this exhibition later travelled to Hannover, Kestner Gesellschaft.
Amsterdam, Stedelijk Museum, Lyonel Feininger, December 1954 - January 1955, no. 2.
Recklinghausen, Kunsthalle, Beginn und Reife, June - July 1956, no. 86 (illustrated).
Hamburg, Kunstverein, Lyonel Feininger 1871-1956: Gedächtnis-Ausstellung, January - March 1961, no. 2; this exhibition later travelled to Essen, Museum Folkwang.
London, Marlborough Fine Art, Painters of the Bauhaus, March - April 1962, no. 31.
New York, Marlborough Gerson Gallery, Artist and Maecenas: A Tribute to Curt Valentin, November - December 1963, no. 232 (illustrated).
Pasadena, Art Museum, Lyonel Feininger 1871-1956, A Memorial Retrospective, 1966, no. 7; this exhibition later travelled to Milwaukee, Art Center and Baltimore, Museum of Art.
New York, Marlborough Gerson Gallery, nternational Expressionism. Part 1, April - May 1968, no. 12 (illustrated).
New York, Marlborough Gerson Gallery, Lyonel Feininger, April - May 1969, no. 3.
New York, Achim Moeller Fine Art, Cabinet d'Amateur, November 1986. Schloss Gottorf, Schleswig-Holsteinisches Landesmuseum, Lyonel Feininger, Karl Schmidt-Rottluff, Erich Heckel - Künstlerfreundschaften, 1998, no. 6.
Munich, Galerie Thomas, Lyonel Feininger: Aquarelle, Bilder, Zeichnungen, October - January 1999.
Special notice
VAT rate of 5% is payable on hammer price and at 20% on the buyer's premium.
Sale room notice
Please note the amended provenance for this work should read 'Dr. Walter Kaesbach, Hemmenhofen, by whom acquired circa 1914 until at least 1961.' and not as stated in the printed catalogue.

Lot Essay

Achim Moeller confirmed the authenticity of this work. The work will be registered in the archives of the Lyonel Feininger Project with the no. 1181-12-13-12.

This work will be included in volume I of the catalogue raisonné of Paintings by Lyonel Feininger, being prepared by Achim Moeller.

'Sometimes I hate and despise 'nature'! I like my pictures so much better!' (Lyonel Feininger, 'Letter to Julia' Sept., 13, 1910, Neppermin, quoted in Hans Hess, Lyonel Feininger, London, 1959, p. 50)

Mondaufgang in Neppermin (Moonrise in Neppermin) is a rare oil painting depicting the small town of Neppermin on the Baltic coast where Lyonel Feininger spent the summer of 1910. It was during this sojourn that Feininger made the important decision to no longer paint directly from nature in the open air, but rather, to paint visions and memories of nature 'out of his own head'. This was a vital decision for the artist and one that was to play a determining role in the future development of his work.

Disappointed with the numerous nature studies he had tried to make in pencil while staying in Neppermin, Feininger resolved to attempt to capture his vision of life by producing painted oils from memory when he returned to his Berlin-Zehlendorf studio. 'I .., am only happy' , he wrote, 'that I can at least paint better 'out of my head'!... I shall paint the pictures I see here in the landscape from Notizen and memory, when I get back to Zehlendorf - and they will be goodI shall go walking and make many notes.' (Lyonel Feininger, 'Letter to Julia,' Sept 19, 1910, Neppermin, quoted in Hans Hess, Lyonel Feininger, London, 1959, p. 50)

Depicting a row of houses winding down to the sea in the moonlight, Mondaufgang in Neppermin is comprised of a mixture of the distorted caricature-like forms of Feininger's 'City at the Edge of the World' style of painting and the naturalistic appearance of the houses of Neppermin. Constructed from simple planes of rich colour, it is an elegant fusion of naturalism and individualistic abstracted style.

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