Eduardo Chillida (1924-2002)
Artist's Resale Right ("Droit de Suite"). Artist's… Read more THE PROPERTY FROM A PRIVATE EUROPEAN COLLECTION
Eduardo Chillida (1924-2002)

Yunque de sueños III (Anvil of Dreams III)

Details
Eduardo Chillida (1924-2002)
Yunque de sueños III (Anvil of Dreams III)
incised with the artist's monogram and numbered '3/4 ''' (on the bronze element)
bronze and wood
28 38 x 9½ x 6½in. (72 x 24 x 23cm.)
Executed in 1958, this work is number three from an edition of five
Provenance
Galerie Jan Krugier, Ditesheim & Cie., Geneva.
Galería Luis Burgos, Madrid.
Acquired from the above by the present owner in 2005.
Literature
J. J. Sweeney, Derrière le Miroir, no. 124, Paris 1961, no. 3 (another example illustrated, p. 15).
Exposición-venta pro damnificados del Vallés, exh. cat., Barcelona, Diputación Provincial de Barcelona, 1962, p. 26.
P. Volboudt, Chillida, Barcelona 1967, no. 25 (another example illustrated, p. 54).
C. Arean, Escultura actual en España: Tendencias no imitativas, Madrid 1967, p. 10.
C. Esteban, Chillida, Paris 1971, no. 29 (another example illustrated, p. 87).
O. Paz and E. Chillida, Chillida, Paris 1979, no. 58 (another example illustrated, p. 157).
A. Martínez and M. Soledad, Escultores Contemporáneos de Guipúzcoa 1930-1980: medio siglo de una Escuela Vasca de Escultura, Donostia-San Sebastián 1981, p. 435.
"Chillida. Gure Aitaren Etxea", in Aldaba, no. 30, 1987, p. 35.
K. M. de Barañano, La obra artística de Eduardo Chillida, Bilbao 1988, p. 16.
G. Lascault, "Les sculptures philosophiques d'Eduardo Chillida", in Artstudio, no. 14, 1989, p. 56.
I. Busch, "Chillida", in Guadalimar, no. 144, 1998, p. 34.
Rumbo de la Escultura Española en el siglo XX, exh. cat., Las Palmas de Gran Canario, Centro Atlántico de Arte Moderno, 2001, p. 119.
J. Molins, Grandes artistas: la mirada de los descendientes. IVAM documentos 4, Valencia 2003, p. 75.
K. Bubmann, Chillida. Haupwerke, Munich 2003, p. 33.
Eduardo Chillida, exh. cat., Nagasaki, Nagasaki Prefectural Art Museum, 2006, no. S-01 (another example illustrated, p. 24).
J. Lomelí Ponce, El límite como concepto plástico en la obra de Eduardo Chillida, Barcelona 2011, p. 172.
Exhibited
Paris, Galerie Maeght, Chillida. Sculptures récentes, 1961 (another example exhibited).
Duisburg, Wilhelm Lehmbruck Museum, Eduardo Chillida, 1966, no. 6 (another example exhibited, illustrated, unpaged).
The Hague, Galerie Nouvelles Images, Eduardo Chillida, 1975 (another example exhibited, illustrated, p.5).
Pittsburg, Museum of Art, Carnegie Institute, Chillida - De Kooning , 1979-1980, no. 15 (another example exhibited).
New York, Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, Eduardo Chillida, 1980 (another example exhibited).
Madrid, Palacio de Cristal, Exposición antológica de Eduardo Chillida, 1980 (another example exhibited).
Barcelona, Galería Maeght, Chillida. Esculturas. Obra gráfica, 1980 (another example exhibited, illustrated, p. 25).
Bilbao, Museo de Bellas Artes de Bilbao, Chillida, 1981, no. 7 (another example exhibited, illustrated, p. 17).
Hanover, Kestnergesellschaft, Eduardo Chillida. Skulpturen, 1981, no. 3 (another example exhibited, illustrated, p. 43).
Paris, Musée d'Art Moderne de la ville de Paris, Le siècle de Picasso, 1987, no. 140 (another example exhibited, illustrated, p. 197). This exhibition later travelled to Madrid, Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía, no. 132 (another example exhibited, illustrated, p. 197).
Madrid, Galería Afinsa, Exposición colectiva inaugural: Chillida, Kienholz, W. Lam, Lindner, Miró, Riopelle, Soto, Tàpies, Equipo Crónica, 1988 (another example exhibited, illustrated, p. 15).
Valencia, IVAM, Institut Valencià d'Art Modern, La colección del IVAM: adquisiciones 1985-1992, 1992 (another example exhibited, illustrated, p.124).
Frankfurt, Schirn kunsthalle Frankfurt, Eduardo Chillida. Eine retrospektive, 1993, no. 15 (another example exhibited, illustrated, p. 43).
Valencia, IVAM, Institut Valencià d'Art Modern, Eduardo Chillida. Elogio del Hierro. Praise of Iron, 1998 (another example exhibited, illustrated in colour, pp. 100-101).
Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Centro Atlántico de Arte Moderno, Forjar el espacio. La escultura forjada en el siglo XX, 1999, no. 29 (another example exhibited, illustrated, p. 273). This exhibition later travelled to Valencia, IVAM, Institut Valencià d'Art Modern and Calais, Musée des Beaux-Arts et de la Dentelle.
Barcelona, Fundació Joan Miró, Chillida, 2003 (another example exhibited, illustrated, p. 77).
Special notice

Artist's Resale Right ("Droit de Suite"). Artist's Resale Right Regulations 2006 apply to this lot, the buyer agrees to pay us an amount equal to the resale royalty provided for in those Regulations, and we undertake to the buyer to pay such amount to the artist's collection agent.

Brought to you by

Alexandra Werner
Alexandra Werner

Lot Essay

This work is registered in the archives of the Museo Chillida-Leku under no. 1958003.



Executed in 1958, Yunque de sueños III (Anvil of Dreams III) is an exquisite small-scale monument by Eduardo Chillida. A lyrical homage to the physical act of creating sculpture, Yunque de Sueños III takes its poetic title from the artist's notion of forging a new art of the sublime on a metaphorical anvil, through the hammering, firing, shaping and stretching of metal in its most organic, molten state into a visual expression of the artist's philosophy. The Yunque de Sueños sculptures articulate the essence of Chillida's aesthetic aims, mixing what Carola Geidion-Welcker once described as 'precise craftwork...free imagination, 'iron' discipline and winged fantas.' (C. Giedion-Welcker, quoted in Eduardo Chillida: Praise of Iron, exh. cat., IVAM, Valencia, 2002, p. 203). Cast in bronze after an iron proof, Yunque de sueños III is one of five unique bronze sculptures closely related to the early series of iron sculptures completed between 1954 and 1966, including Yunque de sueños XIII (Anvil of Dreams XIII) which now forms part of the collection of the Reina Sofía.

Created in praise of his materials, Yunque de sueños III celebrates the art of the blacksmith. Cast in bronze, the lustrous, brunet bronze wing-like form of the sculpture seems softened by the natural tactility of the wooden base. Perched atop a stoic wooden plinth, the Yunque de sueños series represents the first instance in which Chillida in his practice. Chillida's intuitive handling of the roughhewn, wooden base from which the metal form extends, represents an important turning point in the trajectory of Chillida's ouevre, which would later go on incorporate wood as a medium unto its own.

As the title suggests, Yunque de Sueños exist both in the real world of material reality and in a metaphysical dream world, based upon both philosophical ideals and artistic imagination. Poet Octavio Paz saw the way that the opposites play off each other as one of the fundamental aspects of Chillida's work. Speaking of this series, Paz declared: 'the title of this series obeys the same poetic logic as do the earlier works: the anvil and the dream are only another, more energetic formulation of the duality governing Peine del viento or Rumor de limites. The transportation also affects the relationship between the two terms of the metaphor: the anvil acquires the property of the dream, and, like the comb and limits, denies itself, is transformed into its opposite, and so becomes again empty space.' (O. Paz, quoted in 'Chillida: From iron to light', Chillida, exh. cat., Museum of Art, Carnegie Institute of Art, Pittsburgh, 1979 - 1980, p.15).

The delicate folds of metal create a playful dance with the negative space surrounding it. The solid bronze in Yunque de sueños III serves as much as a celebration of its own materiality as it is an acknowledgement of the fabric of space around it. The metal both penetrates and is penetrated by the mysterious, intangible space surrounding it. Chillida's concept of space and of the void - that infinite expanse often invoked by the reaching, grasping or enclosing forms of his sculpture - is one that has its roots in the artist's initial training as an architect. For Chillida, space is not only a 'very quick' material and as such intimately connected, as Einstein has shown, with time, it is also, as a material, integrally related to form. In the same way that a simple material form in iron can grow and develop in such a way as to define itself by the way that it interacts with and articulates the space around it, space too, articulates and is defined by the form of the heavier and slower materials/forms it encounters. It is this symbiotic meeting place of apparent opposites that is made most clear through the art of sculpture and what is meant by Chillida when he refers to 'the limit.' A sense of this Einsteinian-inspired notion of space as both a material and temporal dimension provides the key to an understanding of all Chillida's work. This metaphysical dimension is the central tenant to Chillida's early sculptural practice, and Yunque de sueños III remains an exquisite example which embraces and celebrates the void of space as both a material and a spiritual entity.

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