James VI and I (1566-1625) was the only son of Mary, Queen of Scots (1542-1587), and her second husband, Henry Stewart, Lord Darnley (1545/1546-1567). After the abdication of his mother on 24 July 1567, James became King of Scotland at the age of thirteen months. He married Anne of Denmark (see previous lot) in 1589, and had seven children with her, three of whom survived into adulthood, including the future King, Charles I. On the death of Elizabeth I in 1603, the English and Scottish crowns were united and James was created James I of England, Scotland and Wales. He survived the Gunpowder Plot of 1605 and commissioned a new English bible. Completed in 1611 and known as 'The Authorised King James Version', it is still in widespread use today.