Although once attributed to Juan Pantoja de la Cruz (1553-1608), this painting shows a freer, more painterly technique which is closer to painting in Madrid in the second half of the 17thcentury. The sitter's hairstyle and costume are also consistent with fashions worn toward the end of Philip IV's reign (1621-1665) and during the reign of his son Charles II (1665-1700). During this period, women wore their hair long and abandoned the elaborate ruff. The neckline was lowered, with a band of lace stretched across the upper part of the bodice and shoulders. A large jewelled brooch was often worn in the center of the bodice.