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LOBEL, Matthias de (1538-1616). Plantarum seu Stirpium Historia, ... Cui annexum est adversariorum volumen. [Bound with:] PENA, Pierre (c.1535-1605) and M. de LOBEL. Nova stirpium adversaria. Antwerp: Christopher Plantin, 1576.
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LOBEL, Matthias de (1538-1616). Plantarum seu Stirpium Historia, ... Cui annexum est adversariorum volumen. [Bound with:] PENA, Pierre (c.1535-1605) and M. de LOBEL. Nova stirpium adversaria. Antwerp: Christopher Plantin, 1576.

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LOBEL, Matthias de (1538-1616). Plantarum seu Stirpium Historia, ... Cui annexum est adversariorum volumen. [Bound with:] PENA, Pierre (c.1535-1605) and M. de LOBEL. Nova stirpium adversaria. Antwerp: Christopher Plantin, 1576.

2 parts in one volume, 2° (300 x 202). Part i with title with woodcut architectural border incorporating Plantin device. Full-page woodcut arms of the author by Ahasuerus van Londerseel on A3v. 1,467 woodcut botanical illustrations by Antonii van Leest, Gerard Janssen van Kampen, et al. [Cleveland count], and 3 pasted-in illustrations on R3r, R4v and m4v. Woodcut initials and letterpress tables in the text, some partially coloured by an early hand, e.g. Narcissus. A2r with 8-line initial and catchword 'praeci-'. Part ii title with woodcut architectural border. 310 woodcut illustrations [Cleveland count], 2 pasted-in illustrations on X6v and Ll2v, and 3 slips with woodcut illustrations tipped onto the margins of A6r, C5r, N4r. Without unsigned leaf following Pp6, found in some copies. (Variable browning throughout, occasional very minor spotting.) Contemporary ?Dutch brown morocco, covers paneled in blind with stylized floral cornerpieces and central arms, spine with raised bands in 6 compartments tooled with rosettes and central foliate motif in blind, gauffered gilt edges (extremities rubbed, spine heavily especially to head and tail). Provenance: ‘C.K.O.’ (initials and date of 1587 to upper cover) – arms – occasional neat marginalia in a neat early hand in red and black inks -- Dr. J.F. Payne (no sign of provenance, but stated thus on early 20th-century bookseller’s catalogue entry pasted on front pastedown) – Johann M.D. (engraved bookplate).

FIRST EDITION OF LOBEL'S STIRPIUM OBSERVATIONES AND THE SECOND, ENLARGED ISSUE OF NOVA STIRPIUM ADVERSARIA. Henrey observes of the first edition of Lobel's Nova stirpium adversaria that, 'the chief importance of this herbal lies in its system of classification which is better than that used by any contemporary botanist. The arrangement is based mainly on difference of leaf character, the monocotyledons being placed together at the beginning of the work, thereby foreshadowing their separation from the dicotyledons' (I, p. 28). On these grounds, it may be considered 'one of the milestones of modern botany ... L'Obel was one of the great pre-Linnaean botanists' (DSB VIII, p. 435). The work was first published in London by Thomas Purfoot in 1570-1571; Plantin bought 800 sets of sheets from Purfoot and substituted a new title-page and 36 supplementary leaves, comprising the appendix, Rondelet's Formulae aliquot remediorum, and the indices. Amongst the 5 additional illustrations pasted in by Plantin is 'THE FIRST PUBLISHED ILLUSTRATION OF NICOTIANA TABACUM' (Hunt). The resulting work was then issued with a companion volume, Pena and Lobel's Plantarum seu Stirpium Historia. Adams L-1382 and P-616; Arnold Arboretum p. 437; Cleveland Collections 114-115; Hunt 126-127; NLM/Durling 2829; Nissen BBI 1218; Pritzel 5548; Stafleu and Cowan 4907; Voet 1578, variant B; Wellcome I, 3828.

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