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A FLEMISH SILVER-GILT AND GILT-BRASS COLLAR
A FLEMISH SILVER-GILT AND GILT-BRASS COLLAR

DATED 1624

Details
A FLEMISH SILVER-GILT AND GILT-BRASS COLLAR
DATED 1624
Comprising twelve links, each with an applied silver motif depicting figures or foliage, the central link chased with St. Peter, suspending a cast bird and with an inscription underneath, with eleven further suspending shields, each variously engraved and dated
20 1/4 in. (51 cm.) high
23 oz. 9 dwt. (730 gr.)
The inscription reads 'Broke van S. Peeters Gulde Ter Waerden 1624 Xanus Driesgaerts Paschtor
Provenance
Presented to an archers guild by Anne de Croÿ (1563–1635).
Literature
I. Bloch, 'De drie Schuttersketenen van St. Pieters-Kapelle,' Oud Holland, 1965, vol. 80, no. 1, p. 47-50.
E. Mertens, 'Vijf Identieke Gildebreuken een Stand van Onderzoek', Federatie van Vlaamse Historische Schuttersgilden, May 2013, no. 28, p. 11.

Brought to you by

Harriet Bingham
Harriet Bingham

Lot Essay

Collars for archery guilds would have been worn at official events by senior members of the guilds. The collars often have pendant figures of birds. These were adopted from the small models of birds called 'popinjays' which were tied to the tops of stakes or tall buildings and used as target practice. The present collar was made for the St. Sebastian's Guild of St. Pieters-Kapelle, a Belgian town with a church dedicated to St. Peter.

Five collars of St. Sebastian's Guild of St. Pieters-Kapelle are known (I. Bloch, 'De drie Schuttersketenen van St. Pieters-Kapelle,' Oud Holland, 1965, vol. 80, no. 1, p. 47-50) and were presented in 1624 to the archers' guilds in the regions neighbouring Enghien Castle by Anne de Croÿ (1563–1635), the eldest daughter of Philippe de Croÿ, 3rd duke of Aarschot, and by then, the widow of Charles de Ligne, 2nd Prince of Arenberg (1550-1616). Charles had purchased the manor of Enghein in 1606 and both he and his wife Anne were skilled archers.

The five collars are identical except for the number of badges. One, originally in the collection of the author I. Bloch (now in the Openluchtmuseum, Bokrijk), a second in the Victoria & Albert Museum, London, and a third is in the St. Sebastian's Guild at St. Pieters-Kapelle at Edingen (Enghien). At the time of Bloch's 1965 article the whereabouts of only three collars were known. The present lot is one of the two previously unrecorded examples from a Private Collection, published illustrated and in, Elisabeth Mertens' article, 'Vijf Identieke Gildebreuken een Stand van Onderzoek', Federatie van Vlaamse Historische Schuttersgilden, May 2013, no. 28, p. 11.
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