AN ARABIC FIRMAN OF SULTAN MAHMUD II (R. 1808-1839 AD)
AN ARABIC FIRMAN OF SULTAN MAHMUD II (R. 1808-1839 AD)

CONSTANTINOPLE, OTTOMAN TURKEY, DATED DHU'L-QA'DA AH 1243/MAY-JUNE 1828 AD

Details
AN ARABIC FIRMAN OF SULTAN MAHMUD II (R. 1808-1839 AD)
CONSTANTINOPLE, OTTOMAN TURKEY, DATED DHU'L-QA'DA AH 1243/MAY-JUNE 1828 AD
Arabic manuscript on cream paper, 26ll. of black naskh on gold-speckled ground, beneath a black and gold-outlined tughra of Sultan Mahmud II on gold floral ground with red and gold split palmettes, flanked by two polychrome illustrations of flowers in vases, dated, lower left corner with signature and faded seal impression, backed with green fabric
28 ¾ x 20 7/8in. (73 x 53cm.)

Brought to you by

Louise Broadhurst
Louise Broadhurst

Check the condition report or get in touch for additional information about this

If you wish to view the condition report of this lot, please sign in to your account.

Sign in
View condition report

Lot Essay

This firman relates to the Russo-Turkish war of 1828-29. Written from Sultan Mahmud II to Prince Abdullah Khan - the Commander of the Ottoman Army on the Ottoman-Russian border - it details the rescue of the citizens of Daghestan from Russia following an official Daghestani mission to Sultan Mahmud II requesting his support. It describes how the Ottomans were not previously able to support Daghestan and Georgia due to their peace treaty with Russia but that following a Russian breach of this treaty, the Sultan had decided to help. This support in part sparked the Daghestani revolution against Russia which took place a few days after this firman was issued.

The firman was to be sent with the Ottoman statesman Mehmed Said Galip Pasha who was Grand Vizir between 1823-24 and was the signatory of the Treaty of Paris in 1802 which ended the French campaign in Egypt and Syria.

Unusually it is written in Arabic, not Ottoman Turkish.

More from Art of the Islamic and Indian Worlds Including Oriental Rugs and Carpets

View All
View All