Browse Lots

Global notice COVID-19 Important notice
GEORGE ROMNEY (DALTON-IN-FURNESS 1734-1802 KENDAL)
GEORGE ROMNEY (DALTON-IN-FURNESS 1734-1802 KENDAL)
GEORGE ROMNEY (DALTON-IN-FURNESS 1734-1802 KENDAL)
2 More
GEORGE ROMNEY (DALTON-IN-FURNESS 1734-1802 KENDAL)
5 More
Specifed lots (sold and unsold) marked with a fill… Read more PROPERTY FROM A PRIVATE COLLECTION
GEORGE ROMNEY (DALTON-IN-FURNESS 1734-1802 KENDAL)

Portrait of Mrs Deborah Jemima Maxwell (1755-1789), full-length, in a pale pink dress with a blue sash and a yellow wrap, in a wooded landscape

Details
GEORGE ROMNEY (DALTON-IN-FURNESS 1734-1802 KENDAL)
Portrait of Mrs Deborah Jemima Maxwell (1755-1789), full-length, in a pale pink dress with a blue sash and a yellow wrap, in a wooded landscape
oil on canvas
94 x 58 ¼ in. (238.8 x 148 cm.)
Provenance
Edward Brydges (1712-1780), the sitter's father, Wootton Court, Kent, and by descent in the family to,
Colonel Thomas Barrett Brydges (1789-1834), Lee Priory, Kent; his sale (†), W. Sharp, on the premises, 26 August 1834 (=15th day), lot 1181, where acquired by Mr Branfill, on behalf of the following,
Mrs Harrison Barham.
Champion Russell, by 1884, and by descent until sold to the following,
Charles J. Wertheimer, by 1904.
Sir George Cooper, 1st. Bt. (1856-1940), by 1912, and by descent to his son,
Sir George Cooper, 2nd. Bt. (1890-1961), and by descent [The Trustees of the Hursley Settlement]; Christie's, London, 16 July 1982, lot 77, where acquired by the following,
with Oscar and Peter Johnson, London.
with Nortman and Brod, London, by 1983.
Lord and Lady White of Hull; Christie's, London, 11 July 1997, lot 12.
Literature
Sir H. Maxwell, George Romney, London, 1902, p. 184, no. 257.
H. Ward and W. Roberts, Romney: A Biographical and Critical Essay With a Catalogue Raisonne of His Works, London, 1904, I, p. 102; II, pp. 92 and 96, illustrated opposite p. 94.
A.B. Chamberlain, George Romney, London, 1910, pp. 119 and 326-7.
M. Spielmann, British Portrait Painters to the Opening of the Nineteenth Century, London, 1910, II, p. 12.
A Catalogue of the Pictures by Old Masters of the English School and Works of Art forming the Collection of Sir George A. Cooper, Bt., 1912, p. 31.
B.L.K. Henderson, Romney, London, 1922, pp. 88 and 123.
D.A. Cross, A Striking Likeness: The Life of George Romney, Aldershot, 2000, p. 90.
D.A. Cross, 'The Admiral of the Blues: Romney, Depression and Creativity', Those Delightful Regions of the Imagination, Essays on George Romney, A. Kidson ed., New Haven and London, 2002, p. 24.
M. Postle, 'Factions and Fictions: Romney, Reynolds and the Politics of Patronage', Those Delightful Regions of the Imagination, Essays on George Romney, A. Kidson ed., New Haven and London, 2002, p. 79.
R. Asleson, 'Antiquity, Melancholy and Morality in Romney's Portraiture', Those Delightful Regions of the Imagination, Essays on George Romney, A. Kidson ed., New Haven and London, 2002, pp. 178 and 180.
Y. Romney Dixon and A. Kidson, 'Romney Sketchbooks in Private Collections', Transactions of the Romney Society, VIII, 2003, p. 43.
A. Kidson, George Romney: A complete catalogue of his paintings, New Haven and London, 2015, II, pp. 389-90.
Exhibited
London, Royal Academy, Old Masters, deceased masters of the British School & Paul Falconer Poole RA, 7 January-15 March 1884, no. 197.
Berlin, Königlische Akademie der Künste, Ausstellung älterer englischer Kunst, 26 January-23 February 1908, no. 95.
Oxford, Ashmolean Museum, on loan 1941-1945.
Osterley Park, on loan, until 1982.
Special Notice

Specifed lots (sold and unsold) marked with a filled square ( ¦ ) not collected from Christie’s, 8 King Street, London SW1Y 6QT by 5.00 pm on the day of the sale will, at our option, be removed to Crown Fine Art (details below). Christie’s will inform you if the lot has been sent ofsite. If the lot is transferred to Crown Fine Art, it will be available for collection from 12.00 pm on the second business day following the sale. Please call Christie’s Client Service 24 hours in advance to book a collection time at Crown Fine Art. All collections from Crown Fine Art will be by prebooked appointment only.

Brought to you by

Clementine Sinclair
Clementine Sinclair Specialist, Head of Evening Sale

Lot Essay

Described by Alex Kidson as ‘one of the finest of Romney’s female whole-lengths’ (op. cit., 2015), this portrait was painted in 1780, the moment at which the artist was establishing his reputation as the most fashionable portrait painter in London.
Kidson notes that the uncharacteristically tautly-shaped figure, which is ‘offset by a particularly rich and sylvan woodland background’, compares closely to some of the whole-length female portraits in Romney’s Liverpool sketchbook (ibid.). Martin Postle first observed that the composition was closely modelled on Reynolds’s celebrated full-length portrait of the Duchess of Cumberland (Waddesdon Manor), a picture exhibited at the Royal Academy in 1773 when Romney was in Italy, but which he would have probably known from James Watson’s engraving of the same year (ibid.).
The sitter was the second surviving daughter of Edward Brydges of Wootton Court, Kent, and his wife Jemima, daughter of the Rev. William Egerton, Rector of Penshurst, Kent. In 1780, she married Henry Maxwell (1748-1818) of Ewshot House, Crondall, Hampshire. She died in 1789 in Harley Street from injuries sustained in a fire. Sittings for the portrait, which is thought to have been commissioned as a gift to the sitter’s father on the occasion of her marriage, are recorded on 27 May and 1, 6 and 10 June 1780.
The present picture was one of a number of important British full-length portraits sold in these Rooms by The Trustees of The Hursley Settlement in 1982: others included Lawrence's Portrait of Julia Beatrice Peel (1826; private collection) and Reynolds' Portrait of Jane, Countess of Eglinton (1777; Japan, Koriyama City Museum of Art). Sir George Cooper bought Hursley Park in 1902 and had it completely remodelled by the Aberdeen architect A. Marshall Mackenzie. Many of the contents were bought under the guidance of Sir Joseph (later Lord) Duveen.

More from Old Masters Evening Sale

View All
View All