The Micali Painter takes his name from the archaeologist Giuseppe Micali (1769-1844), who was the first to publish a group of the painter's vases in 1832. His workshop was most likely at Vulci, since a large number of his vases have been found there. The Micali Painter was the most prolific of all Etruscan black-figure vase painters (see p. 126 in R.D. De Puma, Etruscan Art in The Metropolitan Museum of Art). The sirens that encircle the body of the present example were popular with the painter, while the ketos on each shoulder panel is highly unusual.