A PAIR OF GEORGE III GREEN AND WHITE-PAINTED ARMCHAIRS
A PAIR OF GEORGE III GREEN AND WHITE-PAINTED ARMCHAIRS
A PAIR OF GEORGE III GREEN AND WHITE-PAINTED ARMCHAIRS
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A PAIR OF GEORGE III GREEN AND WHITE-PAINTED ARMCHAIRS
10 More
Please note lots marked with a square will be move… Read more THE GARRICK CHIPPENDALE 'JAPAN'D' ARMCHAIRS
A PAIR OF GEORGE III GREEN AND WHITE-PAINTED ARMCHAIRS

BY THOMAS CHIPPENDALE, CIRCA 1772

Details
A PAIR OF GEORGE III GREEN AND WHITE-PAINTED ARMCHAIRS
BY THOMAS CHIPPENDALE, CIRCA 1772
Each with an oval cartouche-shaped upholstered back within a molded frame carved at the crest with an anthemion, the shaped padded arms with over-scrolled molded hand-holds adorned with beaded and leaf-carved ornament, the back, seat, and arms covered in white silk with a large brocaded silver leaf pattern, English, Spitalfields, circa 1740, supported on foliate headed turned legs with gadrooned feet, with printed and inscribed Ann and Gordon Getty Collection inventory label
37 1/4 in. (94.6 cm.) high, 26 1/2 in. (66.7 cm.) wide, 19 in. (48.3 cm.) deep
Provenance
Commissioned by David Garrick, circa 1772, as part of the suite supplied by Chippendale for the Saloon at No. 5, Royal Adelphi Terrace, London.
Anonymous sale; Hall Fine Art Auctions, Shrewsbury, Shropshire, 3 September 1993, lot 206.
Acquired from James Hepworth by Ann and Gordon Getty in 1993.
The antique upholstery acquired from Spink & Son Ltd., London, by Ann and Gordon Getty in 1995.
Literature
Christopher Gilbert, The Life and Work of Thomas Chippendale, 1978, vol. II, p. 98, fig. 160 (a bergère from the Garrick suite).
Special notice

Please note lots marked with a square will be moved to Christie’s Fine Art Storage Services (CFASS in Red Hook, Brooklyn) on the last day of the sale. Lots are not available for collection at Christie’s Fine Art Storage Services until after the third business day following the sale. All lots will be stored free of charge for 30 days from the auction date at Christie’s Rockefeller Center or Christie’s Fine Art Storage Services (CFASS in Red Hook, Brooklyn). Operation hours for collection from either location are from 9.30 am to 5.00 pm, Monday-Friday. After 30 days from the auction date property may be moved at Christie’s discretion. Please contact Post-Sale Services to confirm the location of your property prior to collection. Lots may not be collected during the day of their move to Christie’s Fine Art Storage Services (CFASS in Red Hook, Brooklyn). Please consult the Lot Collection Notice for collection information.

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Lot Essay

The present pair of chairs originally formed part of a well-documented suite comprising sixteen armchairs, two bergère chairs, and a sofa commissioned by the famous 18th century actor and playwright David Garrick (1717-1779) from Thomas Chippendale (1718-1779) for the Saloon at No. 5, Royal Adelphi Terrace, London, England, in 1772.
The Terrace was a block of eleven houses designed by Robert and James Adam, and at the time it was the largest neoclassical building in the capital (fig.1). When difficulties in construction pushed the Adam brothers near bankruptcy, their friend David Garrick intervened and bought No. 5, becoming their first occupant. A lottery to raise funds and to sell further houses saved the project from collapse (‘Notable Sales’, Ronald Phillips, Ref. 4432541).
Garrick was one of Thomas Chippendale’s greatest patrons and clients, and as a prominent public figure his enormous commissions provided Chippendale with expansive public exposure beyond his aristocratic subscribers. Garrick commissioned furniture from Chippendale from at least 1768-1778, as documented in several sources, most notably a series of accounts now at the National Art Library in the Victoria and Albert Museum. Following on from the success of his first decade in business directly with public patrons, catalyzed by three editions of the Director and new larger workshop premises on St. Martin’s Lane, Chippendale was by 1768 already underway with two of his most celebrated and extensive commissions for Harewood House and Nostell Priory, which were similarly in collaboration with the greatest neoclassical architect Robert Adam. Indeed it was Adam’s confidence in Chippendale’s abilities to execute furnishings and collaborate with him on these vast new houses which resulted in continuing success, ensuring that by 1770 Chippendale was at the very apex of his career.
Around this time the first-floor Drawing Room at No. 5 Royal Adelphi Terrace was designed by Robert Adam and entirely furnished by Chippendale. The ceiling, executed by Joseph Rose, is preserved in the Victoria and Albert Museum, London.
Thomas Chippendale’s bill to Garrick for the Drawing Room suite, dated 28 February 1772, states:
To 12 very neat carv'd Cabreole arm'd Chairs, Japan'd Green & white, stuffd & cover'd with Green silk Damask & finish'd with Gilt nails' (£48)
Fine Serge Covers to Ditto
?2 ditto Burjairs Japan’d in the same manner stuff d in linnen & a fine feather Cushion to do
A large Carved Sofa to Match the Chairs, Japan’d Green & White, stuffd and cover’d with your Damask and finishd with Gilt Nails, a large feather Cushion cover’d with Do and Castors.
and later in the text,
4 neat carv'd Cabreole Armd chairs, Japand Green & white to match the others & stuffd in Linen' Green Serge Cases (£14 12 Shillings)
An inventory from 1797 lists the green and white-japanned suite in the Drawing Room indicating it remained in the collection. It also shared that other rooms had similar japanned furniture, and the four armchairs invoiced later were placed in the back room on the second floor.
Following the deaths of David Garrick in 1779 and his wife Eva Maria 43 years later in 1822, a series of auctions between 1822 and 1823 sold off the contents of both their houses. The auction catalogue of Messrs. Burrell & Sons from 3 July 1823 which sold the effects from the Adelphi house listed the suite from the Drawing Room. For the sale, the suite was divided into four lots:
Lot 13 Four japanned cabriole chairs with crimson damask, 2 bergiere, ditto, with feathered cushion, and 2 stools with cushions.
Lot 20 A japanned cabriole sofa, covered with green silk, damask and down cushions.
?Lot 21 Two bergere chairs to correspond, with down stuffed in canvas cushions, in white leather and damask cases.
Lot 22 Twelve cabriole chairs (en suite).
As per the above description, lot 13 included four armchairs and two bergère chairs from the suite, however, the two stools were not part of the original commission.
Since the dispersal of the Garrick collection, parts of the suite have appeared on the international art market. The settee was with Fleming & Meers Ltd., Washington, DC, and was offered for sale to the Birmingham Museum of Art, Alabama; however, the trail goes cold from there. One bergère chair is now in the collection of the Victoria and Albert Museum; the companion is in the Bolling Hall Museum, Bradford, England. A single armchair was sold by Hotspur Ltd., London, in the 1970s per the company archive; and a further single armchair was recently sold by Ronald Phillips Ltd., London.

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