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CHARLES ROBERT DARWIN (1809-1882) AND ROBERT FITZROY (1805-1865)
DARWIN AND WALLACE (LOTS 94-99)
CHARLES ROBERT DARWIN (1809-1882) AND ROBERT FITZROY (1805-1865)

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CHARLES ROBERT DARWIN (1809-1882) AND ROBERT FITZROY (1805-1865)

Narrative of the Surveying Voyages of His Majesty's Ships Adventure and Beagle. London: J.L. Cox and Sons [vols. I-II and appendix] and Whiting [vol. III] for Henry Colburn, 1839. 4 volumes including appendix to vol. II, 8 (232 x 148mm). Half-titles, 47 plates and one folding engraved map, 8 folding engraved maps loosely inserted in cover pockets, woodcut illustrations, without advertisements at end of the appendix as often, small newspaper clipping pasted on final leaf of vol. III. (Some spotting and tiny holes at fold to maps, occasional light waterstaining and spotting to text.) Original dark-blue cloth, spines with title, author's name, and imprint 'Colburn, London' in gilt at foot [Freeman variant a], blind-stamped covers, pocket retaining the original ribbons for extracting the maps only in appendix volume, modern blue cloth slipcase (extremities lightly rubbed and spines lightly faded, hinges cracked). Provenance: N.L.H. (monogram inscription).

FIRST EDITION OF DARWIN'S FIRST PUBLISHED BOOK, Journal and Remarks 1832-1836, in volume III. Darwin seems to have been genuinely surprised by FitzRoy's invitation to publish it as part of the official narrative of the voyage. Next to the Origin, it was his most important and most popular book, leading to the opening of his first notebook on 'Transmutation of Species' in 1837. While his studies on the voyage concentrated initially on geology, the experience also aroused a desire to understand and explain the distribution and development of the species he encountered. He returned 'almost convinced that species had not always been as they were since the creation, but had undergone change' (DSB III, p. 566). Overall the great open-mindedness and pointed curiosity of the Journal make it the finest example of a scientific autobiography ever written. Freeman 10; Hill 607; Norman 584; Sabin 37826.

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