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Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres (Montauban 1780-1867 Paris)
Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres (Montauban 1780-1867 Paris)

Portrait of Anne-Joséphine-Cécile Raoul-Rochette

Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres (Montauban 1780-1867 Paris)
Portrait of Anne-Joséphine-Cécile Raoul-Rochette
signed and dated ‘Ingres del/ 1834’, and inscribed ‘Mlle. josephine Raoul Rochette.’
9 3/8 x 7 3/8 in. (24 x 18.7 cm.)
Désiré Raoul-Rochette and his wife Antoinette-Claude (Claudine) Houdon, Paris, 1878.
Their grandson, Raoul Perrin-Houdon, Paris, 1910.
His wife, Clair Lebon Perrin, Paris, by 1912.
Edmond Perrin, Paris, 1919.
with C.W. Kraushaar Art Galleries, New York, 1929.
with H.V. Allison & Co., New York, 1946, from whom acquired by
Chauncey Devereux Stillman, New York.
Wethersfield Foundation.
C. Blanc, Ingres, Paris, 1870, p. 239
H. Delaborde, Ingres, Paris, 1870, no. 400.
H. Lapauze, Ingres, Paris, 1911, p. 286, fig. 311.
L. Hourticq, Ingres, Paris, 1928, pl. 76.
E.S. Siple, ‘Art in America. Exhibitions of French art in New York and Springfield’, The Burlington Magazine, LXXV, December 1939, no. 441, p. 249.
J. Alazard, Ingres et l’ingrisme, Paris, 1950, pp. 84 and 149, note 31.
H. Naef, ‘Ingres und die Familie Raoul-Rochette’, special supplement to Schweizer Monatshefte, December 1963, pp. 1-34, fig. 3.
H. Naef, 'Ingres et la famille Raoul -Rochette', Bulletin du Musée Ingres, no. 14, December 1963, pp. 13-23.
H. Naef, Die Bildniszeichnungen von J.A.D. Ingres, Bern, 1980, V, p. 188, no. 349, ill.
C. Ekelhart, J.A.D. Ingres, 1780-1867. Zeichnungen und Ölstudien aus dem Musée Ingres, Montauban, exh. cat. Innsbruck, Tiroler Landesmuseum Ferdinandeum and Vienna, Albertina, 1991, p. 30.
P.A. Condon, ‘Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres: The Politics of Friendship’, in D.B. Johnson and D. Ogawa, eds., Seeing and Beyond. Essays on Eighteenth- to Twenty-First-Century Art in Honor of Kermit S. Champa, New York, 2006, p. 53.
Paris, École Nationale Superieure des Beaux-Arts, Ingres, 1867, no. 575.
Paris, Galeries Georges Petit, Exposition Ingres, 1911, no. 144.
New York, C.W. Kraushaar Art Galleries, Modern French Paintings, Water Colors and Drawings, 1929, no. 40.
New York, C.W. Kraushaar Art Galleries, Modern French Paintings, Water Colors and Drawings, 1930, no. 47.
Buffalo, Albright Art Gallery, Nineteenth Century French Art, 1932, no. 82.
Springfield, Springfield Museum of Fine Arts in collaboration with M. Knoedler & Co., David and Ingres, 1939-40, no. 49.
Cincinnati, Cincinnati Art Museum, The Place of David and Ingres in a Century of French Painting, 1940 (without catalogue).
Rochester, Rochester Memorial Art Gallery, David and Ingres, 1940, no. 49.
Toledo, Toledo Museum of Art, French Drawings and Water Colors, 1941, no, 74.
Cambridge, Fogg Art Museum, Ingres Centennial Exhibition, 1867-1967, 1967, no. 70.
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Lot Essay

The daughter of the French archaeologist Désiré Raoul-Rochette (1790-1854) and granddaughter of the Neoclassical sculptor Jean-Antoine Houdon (1741-1828), Anne-Joséphine-Cécile Raoul-Rochette (1817-1893) is finely portrayed by Ingres in this drawing dated 1834, when the sitter was just seventeen years old. A painter and engraver, Joséphine entered Ingres’ studio at an early age, possibly around the time of this portrait, and through him she met her future husband, the Italian Luigi Calamatta (1801-1868), Ingres’ favourite engraver. The couple married in 1840, but their turbulent relationship lasted little more than a decade when in 1852, in a twist worthy of Anna Karenina, she abandoned her ‘effeminate’ husband and twelve-year old daughter Lina for another man, causing scandal and turmoil, as reported by Edmond de Goncourt (see A. Chevereau, ‘Joséphine Calamatta, élève d’Ingres et mère (méconnue) de Lina’, Les Amis de George Sand, no. 7, 1986, pp. 25-30).

In this portrait, the artist finds a perfect balance between the carefully described face of the sitter and the sketchier, unfinished quality of her gown. Ingres’ strong bond with the Raoul-Rochette family is attested by three further portrait drawings depicting family members: Joséphine’s father Désiré, in the Albertina, Vienna (inv. 24220; Naef, op. cit., 1980, V, no. 333); her mother Antoinette-Claude Houdon, at the Cleveland Museum of Art (inv. 1927.437; op. cit., no. 334), both executed in 1830; and a study of her sister Angeline, executed in 1834, formerly with Jan Krugier, and offered at Sotheby's, Paris, 25 June 2008, lot 12 (op. cit., no. 350).

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