PIETER BRUEGHEL THE YOUNGER (BRUSSELS 1564-1638 ANTWERP)
PIETER BRUEGHEL THE YOUNGER (BRUSSELS 1564-1638 ANTWERP)
PIETER BRUEGHEL THE YOUNGER (BRUSSELS 1564-1638 ANTWERP)
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THE ECLECTIC EYE: PROPERTY FROM A DISTINGUISHED EUROPEAN COLLECTOR
PIETER BRUEGHEL THE YOUNGER (BRUSSELS 1564-1638 ANTWERP)

The Tower of Babel

Details
PIETER BRUEGHEL THE YOUNGER (BRUSSELS 1564-1638 ANTWERP)
The Tower of Babel
oil on panel
55 1⁄2 x 69 1⁄2 in. (141 x 176.5 cm.)
Provenance
with Gallery Nicholson, New York, by 1951.
E. Z. Richards; Sotheby's, London, 6 July 1966, where acquired by the following,
with Julius Weitzner, London.
with Hallsborough Gallery, London, by 1969.
Giuseppe Nehmad, Milan, by 1969.
Charles de Pauw (1920-1984), Brussels; (†), Sotheby's, London, 9 April 1986, lot 23, as 'Follower of Peter Bruegel I', where acquired by the present owner.
Literature
C. de Tolnay, 'La Seconde Tour de Babel de Pierre Bruegel l'Ancien,' Annuaire des Musées Royaux des Beaux-Arts de Belgique, I, 1938, p. 114.
H. Minkowski, Das Turm zu Babel, Freren, 1960, p. 55, fig. 158.
G. Marlier, Pierre Brueghel le Jeune, Brussels, 1969, pp. 95-97, fig. 39.
K. Demus, Katalog der Gemäldegalerie Wien: Flämische Malerie von van Eyck bis Pieter Bruegel d. Ä, Vienna, 1981, p. 80.
S. Grieten, 'De iconografie van de Toren van Babel bij Pieter Bruegel: traditie, vernieuwing en navolging', Jaarboek van het Koninklijk Museum voor Schone Künsten Antwerpen, 1988, p. 130, fig. 18.
H. Minkowski, Vermutungen über den Turm zu Babel, Freren, 1991, p. 175, no. 214.
P. Roberts-Jones and F. Roberts-Jones, Pierre Bruegel l'Ancien, Paris, 1998, p. 250, fig. 282.
K. Ertz, Pieter Brueghel der Jüngere (1564-1637/38). Die Gemälde mit kritischem Oeuvrekatalog, I, Lingen, 2000, pp. 231, 275-278, and 281, no. E 204.
Exhibited
Taichung, Taiwan Museum of Art, The Golden Age of Flemish Painting, 25 June-30 September 1988.
Brussels, Place Royale, A l'ombre de Babel: L'art du Proche-Orient Ancien dans les collections belges, 3 February-26 March 1995.
Graz, Eggenberg Palace, Der Turmbau zu Babel. Ursprung und Vielfalt von Sprache und Schrift, 5 April-5 October 2003, no. 19.

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