Walter Richard Sickert, A.R.A. (1860-1942)
These lots have been imported from outside the EU … Read more Property from a Private American Collection 
Walter Richard Sickert, A.R.A. (1860-1942)


Walter Richard Sickert, A.R.A. (1860-1942)
dedicated and dated 'A Mademoiselle Livache/Souvenir de Walter et Christine Sickert - Envermeu - 1920 -' (lower left)
oil on canvas
21 ¾ x 18 in. (55.2 x 45.7 cm.)
A gift from the artist and his wife to Mlle Livache, 1920.
Sylvia Gosse.
Anonymous sale; Christie's, London, 2 December 1932, lot 115, where purchased by Major Lessore.
Robert Emmons, by 1941, and by descent to the present owner.
R. Emmons, The Life and Opinions of Walter Richard Sickert, London, 1941, facing p. 170, illustrated, as 'Baccara'.
W. Baron, Sickert, London and New York, 1973, p. 378, no. 398.
W. Baron, Sickert: Paintings and Drawings, New Haven and London, 2006, p. 473, no. 543.1.
London, Beaux Arts Gallery, Paintings by Richard Sickert, A.R.A., July 1933, no. 27.
Special notice

These lots have been imported from outside the EU for sale using a Temporary Import regime. Import VAT is payable (at 5%) on the Hammer price. VAT is also payable (at 20%) on the buyer’s Premium on a VAT inclusive basis. When a buyer of such a lot has registered an EU address but wishes to export the lot or complete the import into another EU country, he must advise Christie's immediately after the auction.

Lot Essay

During the summer of 1920, while on an extended stay in Dieppe, Sickert spent many evenings making sketches at the Casino. Built in 1886, this moorish-style building was at the far end of the Rue Aguado, and the fashionable characters that he found in its opulent gaming rooms inspired a series of pictures. He focused on the well-regarded game of Baccarat, which allowed him to observe the elegant silhouettes of the players in their stylish hats and clothing.

The activity of the players appealed to Sickert, and he captured them as they hunched over the table in concentration, lit up by the lamps overhead. In the present work several of the figures have their backs to us, and the croupier at the left of the composition has been cut off by the edge of the canvas.

Initially Sickert was left to watch and sketch unobserved, however following a complaint from his friend, Lady Blanche Hozier, he was forced to continue sketching on small cards which he held, in secret, beneath the gaming tables. Several of these cards are now in the collection of the Ashmolean Museum, Oxford (Baron, nos. 543.3). Other oils of this subject hang in the collections of Auckland Art Gallery, New Zealand (Baron, no. 544) and Tate, London (Baron, no. 545).

In 1920 Sickert and his wife Christine dedicated and gifted Baccarat to Mademoiselle Livache. The painting was later owned by Sylvia Gosse (1881-1968), Sickert’s lifelong friend and fellow artist, who sold it in these Rooms in 1932. It was purchased from the Christie’s sale by Major Lessore, presumably the sculptor Major Frederick Lessore (1879-1951), brother of Sickert’s third wife Thérèse. Robert Emmons, author of The Life and Opinions of Walter Richard Sickert, subsequently owned Baccarat as well as ’48 (lot 131), which have been passed by descent to the present owner.

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