​Collecting guide: Gallé glass

In the late 19th century Émile Gallé’s vibrant glassware helped to transform ideas of what art could be. Christie’s specialists share their insights into the work of the master himself and of the factory he founded


Émile Gallé (1846-1904), Vase à décor marin, circa 1900 (detail). 5½ x 4⅜ x 3½ in (14 x 11 x 9 cm). Estimate: €6,000-8,000. Right, Établissements Gallé, Lampe aux trompettes de virginie, circa 1925-30. 22⅞ x 14½ in (58 x 37 cm). Estimate: €8,000–12,000. Both offered in Art & Design: un certain regard sur le xxè siècle on 4 October 2022 at Christie’s in Paris

Émile Gallé (1846-1904), Soliflore aux narcisses, circa 1900. 7¼ x 3⅜ x 3 in (18.5 x 8.5 x 7.5 cm). Sold for €8,190 on 4 October 2022 at Christie’s in Paris

Born in Nancy, France, Émile Gallé (1846-1904) is considered by many to be the pre-eminent glassmaker of the late 19th and early 20th century. The pieces produced by his eponymous company were famous for their beautiful forms, rich colour palettes and inspired decoration, often featuring popular Art Nouveau motifs relating to nature, botany and insects.

The techniques Gallé pioneered enabled his company to create the most refined glassware on the market. Today, one of the best public collections of Gallé glass and ceramics, comprising more than 400 works, can be found at the Musée de l’École de Nancy.

From Gallé’s unique, hand-blown works to factory-produced pieces

Gallé was personally involved in design creation at his company, and also often oversaw the technical research it carried out. The fact that the names of the designers and craftsmen employed by Gallé are less well known than that of its founder does not affect the overall value of a work.

For a collector, the main distinction to be made is between the unique, hand-modelled pieces produced by the Gallé Company, and those executed in larger quantities.

Like René Lalique, the man and the brand are considered one and the same. Gallé died in 1904, but his factory continued to produce high-quality glass under the guidance of his friend, the painter Victor Prouvé. Works executed after Gallé’s death occasionally bear a small star next to his signature.

Émile Gallé (1846-1904), Vase aux chauve-souris, circa 1904. 15 x 6⅛ in (38 x 15.5 cm). Sold for €10,710 on 4 October 2022 at Christie’s in Paris

In the mid-1920s, the company introduced its highly coveted line of mould-blown cameo glass lamps and vases. By 1936 the factory had closed, never quite able to recapture its pre-war momentum.

Provenance is not an essential consideration when looking to acquire Gallé glass; if the piece is aesthetically pleasing and of excellent quality, it will be sought after. Of course, as with any work, a notable history can add to its value.

Can I put flowers in my Gallé vase?

Gallé glass, while valuable, is also practical. Feel free to put flowers in your Gallé vase, although water should not be left sitting in it for too long. The vase should be cleaned regularly with very mild soap and water, as you would with any kind of glassware.

Émile Gallé (1846-1904), Vase aux cyclamens, circa 1900. 6⅞ x 2⅞ in (17.5 x 7.5 cm). Sold for €11,970 on 4 October 2022 at Christie’s in Paris

Gallé lamps — such as this magnificent table lamp shown below — were also meant to be used. Be careful to fit a low-wattage bulb, because too much heat can crack the glass.

Établissements Gallé, Lampe, circa 1925-30. 24¾ x 11¾ in (63 x 30 cm). Sold for €8,190 on 4 October 2022 at Christie's in Paris

Look out for Gallé imitations...

As with anything collectable, fakes and reproductions exist. The best way to avoid them is to do your homework. Handle as many pieces as possible in order to get a feel for the glass. Study relevant books and auction house catalogues, and visit museum collections.

The best indicator of a fake? Clumsily-executed decoration that fails to replicate the grace and elegance of an original. And be sure to turn the glass upside-down: a base that is too flat or too smooth may be cause for concern.

... And beware chips or cracks

The condition of a piece of glassware can greatly affect its value. For Gallé glass, a crack can be deadly; a chip, which may be easier to repair, can still significantly devalue a piece.

How much should I pay for my first piece of Gallé glass?

The market for Gallé glass is international and consistent, attracting collectors from around the world. The best way to start your own collection may be with small objects of the sort that were executed in larger quantities.

Établissements Gallé, Vase aux quetsches, circa 1925-30. 15⅜ x 7⅛ in (39 x 18 cm). Sold for €6,930 on 4 October 2022 at Christie’s in Paris

Beautiful glassware can be found for $500 / £400 / €500; the very best pieces can sell for more than $100,000 / £80,000 / €100,000. Limited in number, these artistic, handmade works are sure to hold their value.

Émile Gallé (1846-1904), Vase au plantain, circa 1900. 13⅜ x 4⅛ in (34 x 10.5 cm). Sold for €25,200 on 4 October 2022 at Christie’s in Paris

The Gallé company also produced ceramics and furniture, and these can often be found at lower price points than glassware.

Related departments

Related lots

Related auctions

Related content