Live like a Rockefeller — Odalisque couchée aux magnolias by Henri Matisse
Christie’s Global President Jussi Pylkkänen looks at ‘one of the greatest Matisse paintings ever to come to the market’ — plus a short film that documents its tour of the world
‘Great paintings invite you in and don’t let you go,’ says Christie’s Global President Jussi Pylkkänen of Henri Matisse’s Odalisque couchée aux magnolias, painted in Nice in 1923. ‘This is a picture that completely captivates you.
‘In 1923 Matisse was at the height of his powers,’ Pylkkänen continues, ‘and here he entrances us with a sumptuous painting of his favourite model, Henriette Darricarrère, basking in bright sunlight, reclining in the luxurious surroundings of his Nice studio. When you see it, you’re seduced by the radiant colours and the perfect balance and proportion of the composition. It is an iconic painting which describes Matisse at his very best.
‘It is a picture that we all recognise immediately from our art-history books, and which captivated me from the moment that I first saw it at the Rockefellers’ Hudson Pines home just outside New York. It hung in the sunny living room, where Henriette looked very much at home. She seemed as relaxed as perhaps the many visitors had felt in that beautiful space. It was a moment I will never forget.’
Henri Matisse (1869-1954), Odalisque couchée aux magnolias, painted in Nice, 1923. 23¾ x 31⅞ in (60.5 x 81.1 cm). Estimate on request. This lot is offered in The Collection of David and Peggy Rockefeller: 19th & 20th Century Art, Evening Sale on 8 May at Christie’s in New York © Succession H. Matisse/ DACS 2018
Henriette Darricarrère was among the most striking and elegant models in art history. ‘She adopted these extraordinarily sculptural poses, which define her as one of the most recognisable models of the 20th century: many of Matisse’s greatest sculptures are based on Henriette, and I would argue that his greatest paintings of her retain this sculptural quality,’ Pylkkänen says.
Darricarrère represented for Matisse the ideal subject for the type of painting he wanted to execute when he moved to the south of France from Paris in 1921. ‘He wanted to create great sensual paintings, full of colour, full of light,’ Pylkkänen explains. ‘But he also wanted to create canvases that had a good pictorial structure, so he would spend a huge amount of time looking for props to use in his studio, whether it be the screen he’s set behind the odalisque, the chaise longue, the striking magnolias or the bowl of vibrantly coloured oranges.’
By the early 1920s, too, Fauvism had played its course. Colour had been liberated. ‘After the First World War there’s a sense of return to order. Matisse, for his part, like Picasso, created a new visual vocabulary involving colour, structure and form — but most of all balance and serenity. This picture has all of that,’ Pylkkänen notes.
Odalisque couchée aux magnolias by Henri Matisse hanging in the living room of the Rockefellers’ Hudson Pines home © Succession H. Matisse/ DACS 2018
At the time that he painted Odalisque couchée aux magnolias, Matisse was possibly at his happiest, Pylkkänen suggests: ‘He was working very freely, with an incredible expressiveness. The canvas of the Odalisque is painted from one corner to the other, and there’s a great sense of plasticity.’ The paint is unvarnished, too; Matisse intentionally kept the pigment chalky in order to mimic the raw, synthetic surface of the cloth and textiles that he was depicting.
When he acquired Odalisque couchée aux magnolias from Leigh Block, the great Chicago-based modernist collector, David Rockefeller was in a position to acquire the best works by Matisse that were on the market. And in his friend and adviser Alfred Barr, he had ‘arguably the greatest judge of what that particular period of Modernism represented, and what it was that one should be looking for,’ Pylkkänen stresses.
Barr spoke very highly of this work in 1951 prior to its acquisition in 1958, and doubtless David Rockefeller made its purchase a priority. Among the many statements made by Barr about Matisse, he spoke of the complexity and brilliance of this composition. ‘What might have been explicit eroticism in the image seems diffused into a luxurious, generalised sensuality, intimate yet objective,’ he noted.
‘In Odalisque couchée aux magnolias, Peggy and David added to their collection an iconic work by one of the great Modernist painters of the early 20th century, working at the very peak of his career,’ concludes Pylkkänen. ‘Without question, it is one of the greatest Matisse paintings ever to come to the market and it will attract huge saleroom competition in May.’