Majesty in a melchior the allure of large-format wine

Majesty in a melchior: the allure of large-format wine

Specialist Macy Pigman on why large-format wines can offer so much more — focusing on six standout lots from our online Fine & Rare Wines auction

Nothing attests to a host’s generosity — both in the financial and spiritual sense — than a large bottle at the table. There is something both deeply civilised and insouciantly grand about serving wine in large format. It speaks of connoisseurship and kindness, of laughter, debate and merriment. 

Even the names are affecting: jeroboam, methuselah, salmanazar, nebuchadnezzar... ‘Margaux in melchior’ has a more romantic ring to it than ‘bottle’, no?

Large-format wines age more slowly

The benefits of the big bottle do not begin and end with upping your profile as a host. Most wine lovers understand that wines bottled in magnum or larger almost always show better than those in smaller formats, due to slower ageing, which prolongs a wine’s lifespan. 

The reason is clearly visible: in every bottle of wine there is a small amount of oxygen between the cork and the wine, which is essential if the wine is intended to age and develop in bottle. 

In larger bottles, the proportion of wine that is exposed to oxygen in the air is smaller, which leads to a slower oxidative journey for the wine.

Larger bottles can carry a huge premium, so opportunities to acquire at auction should certainly be taken

Oxidation is the process that allows a great wine to take on the complex secondary characteristics of interest to wine lovers. Within the lifespan of a bottle of wine, it has the potential to reach its peak and wine lovers generally want this process to last as long as it possibly can. 

Even a good bottle of Mouton-Rothschild 1945 will now be showing a great deal of age, whereas a perfectly stored magnum or larger could still be fresh, structured and just approaching maturity, with many years ahead of it.

Large-format wines are harder to come by

In addition to presentation and lifespan, there is a third important factor to consider when looking at large bottles. It is almost always the case that larger bottles are scarcer than their 750ml brethren. 

Every year when a property bottles its vintage, it bottles its large formats judiciously and, generally speaking, the rarity ramps up as the bottle gets bigger. 

I would challenge anyone to find me a nebuchadnezzar of Lafite 1982 — if you can, I’ll bet it is transcendent. Depending on the wine, larger bottles can carry a huge premium, so opportunities to acquire at auction should certainly be taken.

Here are six of my top large-format lots in Christie’s Fine Wines & Spirits, which is open online for bidding until 24 November.

Petrus 1990 in double magnum (Lots 141 & 142)

Petrus, Pomerol’s infamous upper-echelon star, is a prize for any collector’s cellar. The vibrant and vivid 1990 vintage that is touted for its inevitable ageing potential will last even longer out of double magnum. This already incredibly youthful Petrus will retain its magical properties for far longer than a standard bottle, ageing slowly for a few decades at least before it reaches its zenith.

Petrus 1990. One double magnum per lot. Estimate $15,000-20,000. Offered in Christie’s Fine & Rare Wines and Spirits, 10-24 November, Online

Petrus 1990. One double magnum per lot. Estimate: $15,000-20,000. Offered in Christie’s Fine & Rare Wines and Spirits, 10-24 November, Online

Bollinger R.D. decl. 1965 in jeroboam (Lot 356)

These three special jeroboams (each the equivalent of three litres of Champagne) are a treasure trove for bubble lovers. They come from the cellar of Ben Ichinose, where they were impeccably stored after shipment from Bollinger following disgorgement in 1983. 

These jeroboams of non-vintage Bollinger include grapes from the 1965 harvest, although 1965 was not a declared vintage. Ben wanted that vintage to commemorate the birth of his youngest daughter, so Mme Bollinger set them aside especially for him.

Bollinger R.D. decl. 1965. Three jeroboams per lot. Estimate $8,000-14,000. Offered in Christie’s Fine & Rare Wines and Spirits, 10-24 November, Online

Bollinger R.D. decl. 1965. Three jeroboams per lot. Estimate: $8,000-14,000. Offered in Christie’s Fine & Rare Wines and Spirits, 10-24 November, Online

Jacques Prieur Montrachet in 6L (Lot 350)

The 1999 vintage was the first time Domaine Jacques Prieur bottled a six-litre, as a special request from Windows on the World, the restaurant in the north tower of the World Trade Center. Prieur was waiting for a great vintage; when ’99 arrived, it was perfect. Sadly, when the wines arrived in New York at the end of 2001, the restaurant was gone. The three six-litre bottles that were produced became available for purchase in 2005.

Jacques Prieur Montrachet 1999. One imperial per lot. Estimate $3,000-5,000. Offered in Christie’s Fine & Rare Wines and Spirits, 10-24 November, Online

Jacques Prieur Montrachet 1999. One imperial per lot. Estimate: $3,000-5,000. Offered in Christie’s Fine & Rare Wines and Spirits, 10-24 November, Online

Château Haut-Brion 1995 in imperial (Lots 121 & 122)

When it comes to outstanding potential, Haut-Brion needs no explanation. The 1995 vintage was handled flawlessly by Jean Delmas, and the resulting liquid is enticing, velvety, and oh so delicious. Out of an imperial, it is likely to outperform its smaller-vesseled friends.

Château Haut-Brion 1995. One imperial per lot. Estimate $3,000-5,000. Offered in Christie’s Fine & Rare Wines and Spirits, 10-24 November, Online

Château Haut-Brion 1995. One imperial per lot. Estimate: $3,000-5,000. Offered in Christie’s Fine & Rare Wines and Spirits, 10-24 November, Online

Château d’Yquem 1988 in imperial (Lot 333)

While Yquem is already known as the First Growth of all the sweet wines, it’s also known that it ages phenomenally. The 1988 is an extraordinary vintage that is as strong as it is supple. An imperial of this golden liquid offers the opportunity to age… forever? 

Maybe not forever, but it presents a unique opportunity to wait for and experience the longevity and legendary development of one of the most complex and age-worthy wines ever made.

Château d’Yquem 1988. One imperial per lot. Estimate $1,000-2,000. Offered in Christie’s Fine & Rare Wines and Spirits, 10-24 November, Online

Château d’Yquem 1988. One imperial per lot. Estimate: $1,000-2,000. Offered in Christie’s Fine & Rare Wines and Spirits, 10-24 November, Online

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Louis Roederer, Cristal Millennium Cuvée 1990 in methuselah (Lot 359)

Last but certainly not least is a methuselah of Cristal’s Millennium Cuvée, equivalent to a 6L. This unique blend of Cristal was made only once and was released in only the methuselah format. Just 2000 methuselahs were made and released by Louis Roederer in 1999 in preparation for the millennium, and with many now consumed these fabulous big bottles are now becoming hard to find.

Louis Roederer, Cristal Brut Millennium Cuvée 1990. One methuselah per lot. Estimate $5,000-8,000. Offered in Christie’s Fine & Rare Wines and Spirits, 10-24 November, Online

Louis Roederer, Cristal Brut Millennium Cuvée 1990. One methuselah per lot. Estimate: $5,000-8,000. Offered in Christie’s Fine & Rare Wines and Spirits, 10-24 November, Online

Browse and bid on these large-format lots and other excellent bottles of all sizes in Fine & Rare Wines and Spirits, online until 24 November.