(Detail) Goya y Lucientes, Self-Portrait, 1815. Oil on canvas. 46 x 35 cm. Prado, Madrid, Spain  Bridgeman Images

10 things to know about Goya

As conflict ravaged Europe in the late 18th and early 19th centuries, Goya’s work not only chronicled his times but underwent an extraordinary revolution itself, enshrining him as both the last of the Old Masters and the father of modern art