The statue type has been examined by Vermeule ("Hellenistic and Roman Cuirassed Statues," Berytus XIII, 1959, and Hellenistic and Roman Cuirassed Statues, Boston, 1980), who informs (op. cit., 1959, p. 5) that "Hellenistic cuirassed statues are few and bear close relationship to armour worn in the field by Alexander the Great and his successors. . . .In the Augustan period there is a return in official statues to more elaborate versions of a type of armour found in fourth century B.C. grave stelai. Both breastplate enrichment in imitation of metal and shape and number of pteryges (or tabs) become more complex from the Julio-Claudian through the Flavian periods." Unlike the present example, the majority of Roman statues bear cuirasses with elaborate imagery in relief. For a related plain cuirass see the "Flavian general" in the J. Paul Getty Museum, no. 38 in Vermeule, op. cit., 1980.