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GENIZAH -- Collection of 23 Hebrew liturgical manuscript fragments, some unpublished, reputedly from Cairo and other genizot, mostly on paper, one on vellum. 11th-17th century.
GENIZAH -- Collection of 23 Hebrew liturgical manuscript fragments, some unpublished, reputedly from Cairo and other genizot, mostly on paper, one on vellum. 11th-17th century.

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GENIZAH -- Collection of 23 Hebrew liturgical manuscript fragments, some unpublished, reputedly from Cairo and other genizot, mostly on paper, one on vellum. 11th-17th century.


1. Two piyyutim for tal, part of the first-day service of Passover: Be-da'ato e'erokh by Eleazar Kallir, here uniquely attributed to him; Eres ve-safah ve-lashon by Kallir, briefly discussed by Menahem Zulay in Eretz Israel and its Poetry (Jerusalem 1995), p. 422. On paper, single leaf (136 x 90 mm), written on one side, oriental square script, 17 lines. (Frayed at two corners, small stain.) c. 11th-12th century.

2. Piyyutim. On paper, single leaf (148 x 97 mm), written on both sides, oriental square script, 16 lines and catchword. (Stain, a few tiny holes.) c. 11th century.

3. Nine piyyutim for Purim, mostly unique and unpublished. On paper, bifolium (190 x 140 mm), written on both sides, oriental square script, 20 lines and catchwords. (Holes affecting text, stained.) c. 11th century.

4. Selichot for the Yom Kippur service. At least one composed by Saadiah Gaon, most of them published in Siddur Rav Saadiah Gaon (Jerusalem 1941) pp. 290, 301, 303. On VELLUM, bifolium (182 x 127 mm), ruled in blind, written on both sides, Yemenite square script, 20 lines. (Stained, partly worn.) c. 14th-15th century.

5. Sixteen piyyutim, mainly for Shavuot including two by Judah ha-Levi (ed. Jarden, vol. 2 p. 488 and vol. 3 p. 90), another by Joseph ha-Yerushalmi (ed. H. Sheinin from another Genizah fragment, in Hagut Ivrit bi-Brit ha-Moazot, Jerusalem 1976, pp. 103-104); most of the others by Israel b. Samuel, perhaps a Karaite, many apparently unknown from other sources. On paper, 5 leaves (150 x 115 mm), written on both sides, oriental semi-cursive script, 21-24 lines. (Defective and stained.) c. 12th-13th century.

6. Three piyyutim for Purim and Shavuot by poets named Yom Tov, Solomon and Abraham. All published. On paper, single leaf (162 x 113 mm), written on both sides, Sephardic square script, with vowel points, 15 and 11 lines. 16th or 17th century.

7. Five selichot, including one by Moses ibn Ezra, another by Isaac ibn Ghayyat (both published). On paper, single leaf (160 x 127 mm), written on both sides, oriental semi-cursive script, 22 and 19 lines. (Stained.) 11th or 12th century.

8. Eight piyyutim by various poets, including Hai Gaon, Ohev b. Meir and Aaron b. Jacob. Yashish mitboses be-dam berit milato, whose author is given in other manuscripts as Isaac, is here attributed to Zedakah Kalai. On paper, bifolium (150 x 101 mm), written on both sides, oriental semi-cursive script, 17-22 lines. (Defective and stained.) c. 12th-13th century.

9. Two poems, one in praise of Jehoseph b. Samuel ha-Nagid (ed. J. Schirmann, in Mivhar ha-Shiv'im, Tel Aviv 1948, p. 75), the other by Solomon ibn Gabirol (also published). On paper, single leaf (167 x 123 mm), written on both sides, oriental semi-cursive script, 16 and 17 lines. c. 13th century.

10. Two piyyutim by Abraham ibn Ezra, both published, and Yah Zuri mevin tuhi by Isaac. On paper, bifolium (135 x 97 mm), written on both sides, Sephardic cursive and semi-cursive script, 9 lines. (Holes, stained.) c. 13th-14th century.

11. Two piyyutim for Sukkot by Isaac b. Shemariah (published from other Genizah fragments). On paper, bifolium (163 x 127 mm), one leaf written on both sides, its conjugate blank, oriental semi-cursive script, 17 lines. (Stained.) c. 13th century.

12. Three piyyutim by the post-Medieval poets Shalom ibn Zur, Israel Najarah and Judah. On paper, single leaf (142 x 95 mm), written on both sides, Sephardic semi-cursive script, 18 and 21 lines with catchword. (Defective.) Probably 17th century.

13. Six piyyutim and poems, four anonymous, one by Judah ha-Levi and another by Samuel ha-Nagid (both published). On paper, bifolium (150 x 101 mm), written on both sides, oriental semi-cursive script, 20 lines. (Very defective.) Fragment from the same manuscript as no. 8. c. 12th-13th century.

14. Four selichot, including one by David ha-Nasi (Arabic calligraphic inscriptions on verso). On paper, single tall narrow leaf (380 x 85 mm), oriental semi-cursive script, 61 lines (12 lines of Arabic on verso). (Defective and stained.)

15. Three piyyutim by Abraham ibn Ezra (ed. Levin, vol. 1, pp. 90, 182, 151). On paper, bifolium (145 x 100 mm), written on both sides, oriental square script, 11 lines. (Frayed and stained.) c. 11th-12th century.

16. Six piyyutim by Abraham ibn Ezra, David ha-Nasi and Yeshua, the latter unrecorded in other Genizah fragments. On paper, bifolium (200 x 150 mm), written on both sides, oriental semi-cursive script (two hands), with square headings, 17 lines. (Torn with considerable loss.) c. 13th century.

17. Five piyyutim by Mevasser, Nathan b. Joseph and David b. Bakuda. Most are published from other sources, but at least one anonymous piyyut is unpublished and otherwise unknown. A rahat, beginning Eshme'ah mah yedaber eilei, which is attributed to Abraham b. Isaac in other sources, is here given as Hai Gaon's. On paper, single leaf (155 x 115 mm), written on both sides, oriental square script, with vowel points, 19 lines. (Stained.) c. 12th-13th century.

18. Two selichot (published in Siddur Rav Saadiah Gaon, Jerusalem 1941, pp.338-9). On paper, bifolium (140 x 100 mm), written on both sides, Sephardic semi-cursive script, 9 lines. (One leaf very defective, stained.) c. 14th-15th century.

19. Two piyyutim in Hebrew and Arabic (Hebrew script), including one by Suleiman. On paper, bifolium (100 x 70 mm), written on both sides, Yemenite semi-cursive script, 14 lines and catchword, pen-work decoration. (Somewhat frayed.) Probably 15th century.

20. Prayers for Yom Kippur, from a Mahzor according to the Sephardic rite. On paper, two leaves (195 x 130 mm), written on sides, Sephardic semi-cursive script, 23 lines. (Wormed and stained.) 15th or 16th century.

21. Two kinot for the Ninth of Av (published). On paper, fragment of a single leaf (145 x 195 mm), written on both sides, Sephardic semi-cursive script, 12 lines. (Torn and stained.) 14th century?

22. Nineteen selichot, by Zerahiah ha-Levi, Isaac ibn Ghayyat, Michael and others (most, but perhaps not all, published). On Italian paper (watermark: balance in circle), quire of 6 leaves, 8o (145 x 105 mm), written on both sides, Sephardic semi-cursive script, 20 lines and catchword. Second half 15th century.

23. Piyyutim by Judah ha-Levi (published). On paper, three leaves including a bifolium (170 x 120 mm and smaller), written on both sides, oriental semi-cursive script, 13 and 14 lines. Fragment belonging to the same codex as Oxford, Bodl. Hebrew MS. 2821/10. (Defective and stained.) Probably 13th century.
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