GOYA Y LUCIENTES, Francisco José de (1746-1828). [Los Caprichos. Madrid: par l'auteur, 1799.] In-4 (307 x 208 mm). 80 planches gravées à l'aquatinte, tirées sur papier vergé. (Rares petites taches en marge blanche.) Demi-basane verte du XIXe siècle, dos lisse orné (coiffes abîmées). PREMIÈRE ÉDITION, publiée par Goya lui même vers 1799. Tirage limité à 300 exemplaires dont seulement 27 furent vendus dans les quatre années qui suivirent. Les Caprichos firent certainement la renommée mondiale de Goya et inspirèrent les plus grands peintres parmi lesquels Domenico Tiepolo et Eugène Delacroix. Pas moins de douze éditions virent le jour entre 1799 et 1937. "Indeed, in publishing his Caprichos in 1799, Goya appears to have involved himself in a commercial undertaking perhaps unique in the life of any artist-engraver past or present. Apparently carried away with enthusiasm for the art of engraving, he acquired more than eighty costly copperplates which he etched and aquatined and from which he then printed some three hundred sets, making a total of about twenty-four thousand impressions. These he advertised in the Madrid daily newspapers, as being for sale in a perfume and liqueur shop in the Calle del Desengaño N° 1 above which he had lived and was probably still living at the time. The subjects were satirical, the compositions were unconventional, the technique was novel, and it is not surprising that his enterprise, unsponsored and purely private, should have met with failure in the Madrid of his day. In the course of four years he only succeeded in selling twenty-seven sets of engravings" (Harris I, p. 7). EXEMPLAIRE NON LAVÉ ET CONSERVÉ DANS UNE RELIURE DU XIXe SIÈCLE. L'ÉDITION ORIGINALE EST DE TOUTE RARETÉ. Harris 36-115, III/1 (sur 12).