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Portrait of a young man, traditionally identified as Saint Aloysius (Luigi) Gonzaga (1568-1591), half-length, with a book

Portrait of a young man, traditionally identified as Saint Aloysius (Luigi) Gonzaga (1568-1591), half-length, with a book
oil on canvas
29 1⁄8 x 22 1⁄2 in. (74 x 57 cm.)
Don Pablo Bosch y Barrau (1841-1915), Madrid.
with Trotti et Cie., Paris, by 1908.
Baron Marczell von Nemes (1866-1930), Budapest, by 1909 (with his wax seal and coat-of-arms on the reverse); his sale, Galerie Manzi, Paris, 18 June 1913, lot 29, where acquired by,
with Kleinberger Galleries (inv. no. 9367), where acquired by the following on 23 June 1913,
Stefan von Auspitz (1869-1945), Vienna, until 1932,
Daniël George van Beuningen (1877-1955), Rotterdam,and by whom consigned in December 1932 to the following,
with Kunsthandel K.W. Bachstitz, The Hague.
Leo van den Bergh (1882-1941), The Hague and Santa Barbara, CA, by 1939, by inheritance to his widow,
Alexa van den Bergh, Santa Barbara, CA, thence by descent.
with Otto Naumann, Ltd., New York, until 1996, when acquired by the present owner.
C. de Cedillo, Toledo en el siglo XVI, Madrid, 1901, note 121.
M.B. Cossio, El Greco, II, Madrid, 1908, pp. 433-436, 602, no. 127, as 'San Ignacio de Loyola'.
A.F. Calvert and C.G. Hartley, El Greco: An account of his life and works, New York and London, 1909, p. 145, pl. 27, as 'Portrait of a Student'.
A.L. Mayer, El Greco, Munich, 1911, pp. 64, 89, pl. 25, as 'Der hl. Luis Gonzaga'.
P. Lafond, El Greco, Paris, 1913, p. 102, as 'Saint Ignace de Loyola'.
H. Kehrer, Die Kunst des Greco, Munich, 1914, p.54, as 'Luis Gonzaga'.
E. du Gue Trapier, El Greco, New York, 1925, p. 142, as ‘Portrait San Ignacio de Loyola also known as Luis de Gonzaga’.
A.L. Mayer, Domenico Theotocopuli, El Greco, Munich, 1926, p. 52, no. 328 (324), pl. LXXIII, as ‘Bildnis des hl. Luis Gonzaga (?)’.
E.H. del Villar, El Greco en España, Madrid, 1928, pp. 152-153, pl. XXXVI, fig. 69, as ‘un jesuíta joven [?]’.
F. Gray Griswold, El Greco, printed privately, 1929, no. XXX, as ‘Saint Ignacio Loyola’.
M. Utrillo, Domenikos Theotokopoulos, El Greco, Barcelona, 1930, pl. 3, as ‘Un estudiante [El Greco?]’.
A.L. Mayer, El Greco, Berlin, 1931, pp. 98-99 and 172, pl. 65, as ‘Saint Aloysius Gonzaga [?]’.
M. Seuphor, Greco, Considerations sur sa Vie et sur quelques unes de ses oeuvres, Paris, 1931, p. 16, as ‘Saint Louis de Gonzaga’.
T. Borenius, ‘The Stefan von Auspitz Collection, Review of Exhibition at Agnew’, Burlington Magazine, LXI, 1932, pp. 287-288, pl. II-B, as 'Saint Aloysius Gonzaga'.
M. Legendre and A. Hartmann, Domenico Theotocopouli, dit El Greco, Paris, 1937, p. 41, illustrated, as 'Saint Luis de Gonzaga'.
L. Goldscheider, El Greco, London, 1938, n.p., fig. 108.
W.G. Constable, Annual Report for the Year (Museum of Fine Arts, Boston), Boston, LXIV, Boston, 1939, p. 45.
L. Goldscheider, El Greco, London, 1949, n.p., pl. 64.
G. Ludwig, El Greco, 1949, pl. 64.
J. Camón Aznar, Domenico Greco, I, Madrid, 1950, pp. 1096-1098, fig. 856 (showing the hand above the book in its original position after cleaning) and fig. 857 (showing the overpainted hand below the book); II, p. 1393, nos. 726 and 727 (as ‘Portrait of a young master’; Mayer speculates as to whether nos. 726 and 727 might be two different paintings).
V. Cepari, San Luis Gonzaga (life of the saint), Madrid, 1953, pp. 35-36 and 48-49.
H. Soehner, ‘Greco in Spanien: Teil I: Grecos Stilentwicklung in Spanie’, Munchner Jahrbuch der bildenden Kunst, III, 1957, p. 141.
H.E. Wethey, El Greco and his School, I, Princeton, 1962, fig. 246; II, pp. 108-109, no. 195.
H.E. Wethey, El Greco y su escuela, I, Madrid, 1967, p. 141, no. 195, fig. 227, as 'Saint Aloysius Gonzaga (so called)'.
T. Frati and G. Mazini, L’opera completa del Greco, Milan, 1969, p. 99, no. 45, illustrated.
J. Camón Aznar, Domenico Greco, Madrid, 1970, p. 1097 and 1099, figs. 940 and 941.
T. Frati, Tout l’oeuvre peint de Greco, Paris, 1971, p. 99, no. 45, 'San Luigi Gonzaga (?)'.
M.B. Cossio, El Greco, Barcelona, 1972, pp. 260-262, 395, no. 365, 'San Ignacio de Loyola'.
J. Giudiol, Domenikos Theotokopoulos, El Greco 1541-1614, London, 1973, pp. 112, 344, no. 72, fig. 98, 'Saint Aloysius Gonzaga(?)'.
M. Paganella, San Luigi Gonzaga, un ritratto in piedi, Milan, 1991, illustrated on the cover.
J. Álvarez Lopera, El Greco: la obra esencial, Spain, 1993, p. 282, no. 84, as 'Retrato de un estudiante (San Luis Gonzaga)'.
B. Wismer and M. Scholz-Hänsel, El Greco and Modernism, exhibition catalogue, Ostfildern, 2012, p. 343.
Madrid, Museo Nacional del Prado, Catálogo ilustrado de la expocision de las obras de Domenico Theotocopuli, llamado El Greco, 1902, no. 16, as 'Retrato de un estudiante'.
Paris, Grand Palais, Salon d’Automne, 1 October-8 November 1908, no. 5.
Budapest, Szépmuvészeti Múzeum, Marczell von Nemes Collection, 1909.
Munich, Alte Pinakothek and Düsseldorf, Städtische Kunsthalle, Katalog der aus der Sammlung des Kgl. Rates Marczell von Nemes, Budapest, ausgestellten Gemälde, June-December 1911, no. 13; July-December 1912, no. 63.
London, Thomas Agnew & Sons, The Auspitz collection of Old Master Paintings, November-December 1932.
Boston, Museum of Fine Arts, 24 May-8 November 1939, on loan, as 'St. Ignatius Loyola (?)'.
New York, M. Knoedler & Co., El Greco; loan exhibition for the benefit of the Greek war relief association, commemorating the 400th anniversary of the birth of El Greco, 17 January-15 February 1941, no. 17.
Santa Barbara, CA, Santa Barbara Museum, Santa Barbara collects: a community celebrating the reopening of the Santa Barbara Museum of Art, Part one: European and American art, 26 January-24 March 1985.

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