Details
ÉDOUARD MANET (1832-1883)
Le chien 'Donki'
signed with initial 'M.' (lower right) and titled 'Donki' (upper right)
oil on canvas
12 7/8 x 9 7/8 in. (32.7 x 25 cm.)
Painted in 1876
Provenance
M. Manzi, Paris (by 1902).
Georges Bernheim, Paris (by 1928; deposited for safe keeping with Galerie Durand-Ruel et Cie., Paris and Durand-Ruel Galleries, New York, April 1939-February 1942, and then with Jacques Seligmann & Co., New York, until October 1945).
Jacques Helft, New York (acquired from the above, 1946).
Private collection, Paris (by 1967).
Anonymous sale, Sotheby's, New York, 14 November 1984, lot 14.
Acquired by Ann and Gordon Getty at the above sale.
Literature
T. Duret, Histoire d'Édouard Manet et de son oeuvre, Paris, 1902, p. 242, no. 200 (titled Tête de chien).
A. Alexandre, "Exposition d'art moderne à l'Hôtel de la Revue 'Les Arts'," Les Arts, no. 128, August 1912, no. 9 (illustrated in situ).
E. Moreau-Nélaton, Manet: Catalogue manuscrit, Paris, 1926, no. 233.
A. Tabarant, Manet: Histoire catalographique, Paris, 1931, p. 287, no. 232 (titled Douki, chien griffon).
P. Jamot and G. Wildenstein, Manet, Paris, 1932, vol. I, p. 158, no. 308 (illustrated, vol. II, p. 171, fig. 351).
A. Tabarant, Manet et ses oeuvres, Paris, 1947, pp. 269-270 and 610, no. 238 (illustrated; titled Douki).
M. Venturi and S. Orienti, L'opera pittorica di Edouard Manet, Milan, 1967, p. 104, no. 204 (illustrated; dated 1875 and titled Il cane Douki).
D. Rouart and D. Wildenstein, Edouard Manet: Catalogue raisonné, Peintures, Lausanne, 1975, vol. I, p. 206, no. 254 (illustrated, p. 207).
Exhibited
Paris, Manzi, Joyant et Cie., Exposition d'art moderne, 1912, no. 35.
Paris, Galerie Bernheim-Jeune et Cie., Oeuvres de Manet au profit des 'Amis du Luxembourg', April-May 1928, p. 14, no. 11 (titled Le petit griffon).
Paris, Galerie de la Renaissance, Oeuvres des XIXème et XXème siècles, January 1929, p. 8, no. 37 (titled Chien griffon).
New York, Durand-Ruel Galleries, Small Masterpieces of Late 19th Century French Art, December 1939, no. 1 (titled Douki).
Boston Institute of Modern Art, French Art of the Nineties, November-December 1943.

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Lot Essay

Over the course of his career, Manet occasionally painted his friends’ and acquaintances’ pets. This motif had a long art historical heritage, following on from the French 18th-century tradition of painting royal hunting dogs, as well as the court painting of one of Manet’s great influences, Diego Velázquez. A total of eight works of this kind are recorded in the catalogue raisonné of the artist (Rouart and Wildenstein, nos. 232-235, 253-255, 293), including te du chien "Bob", which is also part of the collection of Ann and Gordon Getty and will be offered as lot 1 of the Important Pictures and Decorative Arts Evening Sale on October 20th. Like the current work, many of the depictions of these distinctively characterized animals provide compelling glimpses into the social world of Manet throughout his career. One, La chienne Follette (no. 235), painted in 1875, is said to have been owned by the secretary of Antonin Proust. Another, Le chien Minnay (no. 293), depicts the dog of Marguerite Gauthier-Lathuille, and was given to her as a gift by the artist. Manet had also painted her portrait the same year. Marguerite was the daughter of Père Lathuille, the owner of a restaurant popular with Manet and other artists in his circle—indeed, Manet had painted a scene at this institution in 1879. Chien King Charles (no. 233) was given to Maurice Leclanché, part of an engineering family, and an important collector and friend of many of the Impressionists, including Manet.
As with a number of these playful canine portraits, Manet inscribed the dog’s name on the canvas itself.

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