2 More
On occasion, Christie's has a direct financial int… Read more

Allegory of Spring

Allegory of Spring
oil on panel
8 1/4 x 12 in. (21 x 30.5 cm.)
Archduke Leopold Wilhelm of Austria, Governor of the Spanish Netherlands, Brussels.
Faigneau collection, Brussels.
C.H. Francolet, Brussels; (†), H. Vleminckx, Brussels, 10 September 1764, lot 19, as one of a series of the Four Seasons (800 florins).
James Christie (1730-1803), London; (†) his sale, Christie’s, London, 27 May 1820 (=2nd day), lot 62, as one of a series of the Four Seasons (126 gns. to Bolton).
Alfred Fletcher, Esq., Allerton, Liverpool; (†), Christie’s, London, 23 June 1922, lot 136, as ‘Bassano (After) The Seasons, by D. Teniers—a set of four’, where acquired for 110 gns. by,
Mrs. Mosscockle, Clewer Park, Windsor; (†), Christie’s, Derby House, 26 November 1943, lot 55, as one of a series of the Four Seasons and with erroneous dimensions (260 gns. to Schuber).
with William Hallsborough, Ltd., London.
Private collection, Canada.
Anonymous sale; Parke-Bernet, New York, 13 February 1958, lot 13 ($8,000 for three from the series).
Henry A. Rudkin, Southport, CT; Sotheby’s, London, 2 December 1964, lot 26, where acquired for £1400 by the following,
with Leonard Koetser, London.
with Gooden & Fox, Ltd., London, where acquired in 1965 by,
Christian B. Peper, Sr.
Anonymous sale; Christie’s, New York, 26 January 2012, lot 260, where acquired by the present owner.
D. Teniers, Theatrum pictorium, Antwerp, 1658, 2nd ed., 1660, no. 163.
J. Smith, A Catalogue Raisonné of the Works of the Most Eminent Dutch, Flemish, and French Painters, III, London, 1831, p. 293, under no. 121.
‘On Land and water at the Leonard Koetser Gallery’, Connoisseur, CLVIII, March 1965, p. 185, fig. 3.
New York and Maastricht, Noortman & Brod Ltd., Adriaen Brouwer, David Teniers the Younger: A Loan Exhibition of Paintings, 7 October-11 December 1982, no. 39 (with Winter).
Saint Louis, Saint Louis Art Museum, A Gentleman Collects, 25 October 2002-5 January 2003, unnumbered.
Special notice

On occasion, Christie's has a direct financial interest in the outcome of the sale of certain lots consigned for sale. This will usually be where it has guaranteed to the Seller that whatever the outcome of the auction, the Seller will receive a minimum sale price for the work. This is known as a minimum price guarantee. This is such a lot.

Brought to you by

Joshua Glazer
Joshua Glazer Specialist, Head of Private Sales

Lot Essay

This refined, small-scale copy after Francesco Bassano once formed part of a set of the Four Seasons (for Winter, see the following lot). The catalogue to the 1958 Parke-Bernet sale records a letter from Dr. Ludwig Burchard dated 21 June 1955 in which the scholar praises the set's perfect preservation, noting that they ‘are still today in mint state,’ praise which is equally valid today. In these scenes, figures are engaged in activities associated with the particular season, such as the sheering of sheep in Spring and the splitting of wood in Winter. Teniers made these works in preparation for his groundbreaking publication Theatrum Pictorum, or Theater of Painting (Antwerp, 1658). This illustrated catalogue of paintings, the first of its kind, documented 243 major Italian pictures from the collection of Teniers’ patron, Archduke Leopold Wilhelm, Governor of the Spanish Netherlands from 1646 until 1656. In 1651, already an established and successful artist, Teniers had begun working for Leopold Wilhelm as both painter and overseer of his art collection, composed of around 1,300 items that included works by Raphael, Giorgione, Titian and Bassano, among many others; it later became the basis of the Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna.

Teniers made multiple paintings of Leopold Wilhelm’s gallery: in a work now in the Bayerische Staatsgemäldesammlungen, Neue Schloss Schleissheim, Oberschleissheim, Bassano's Spring, the model for the present painting, is visible (fig.1). In compiling the works for the Theater of Painting, Teniers painted copies of the selected pictures, including the present works, in 1656. These copies served as models for the group of twelve engravers who assisted him on the project. Theater of Painting was highly popular, prompting the publication of four later editions. Among its owners were prominent artists, including Sir Joshua Reynolds, whose copy is now in the British Library.

In the nineteenth century, Teniers' series of the Four Seasons after Bassano belonged to James Christie, at whose 1820 estate sale they featured. All four paintings remained together until at least 1943, though by 1958 Summer had been separated from the other three panels. The panel depicting Summer last sold Hampel, Munich, 8 December 2007, lot 1805, while that of Autumn sold Lempertz, Cologne, 19 November 2016, lot 1060.

More from Modern Medici: Masterpieces from a New York Collection

View All
View All