A LATE TIMURID OR EARLY SAFAVID ENGRAVED WHITE BRONZE HAWKING DRUM

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A LATE TIMURID OR EARLY SAFAVID ENGRAVED WHITE BRONZE HAWKING DRUM
PERSIA, LATE 15TH/EARLY 16TH CENTURY

With flat base and conical sides curving at the top to the vertical mouth, a band of applied rings and bosses around the mouth, a ring below, the exterior engraved with a broad band of cusped diaper medallions alternating with similar arabesque medallions and divided by paired trefoil arabesques, a band of inscription cartouches with Persian verses around the mouth divided by diaper roundels, a band of meandering leafy vine around the foot, rubbed areas, cracked at rim
9in. (22.5cm.) diam.

Lot Essay

Melikian-Chirvani (A.S.:Islamic Metalwork from the Iranian World, 8-18th Centuries, London, 1982, pp.307-9) describes in detail the only Persian hawking drum to have been published. The present example is very similar to that in form, notably with its slightly inverted rim. The Victoria and Albert Museum example however has a much stronger curve to the lower sides. The decoration of that example is also different, having much more in common with the general corpus of engraved Safavid brasses than the present drum with its delicate shallow engraving and higher tin content in the metal.
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