The over life-sized goddess is depicted wearing the Attic helmet, the now-missing crest once set into drilled holes at the top, the head slightly turned to the left and looking down to meet the gaze of the worshippers below. The long wavy hair is parted at the centre and pulled back under the helmet, with long locks falling over the shoulders. The inlays for the eyes now lost.
The attribute of the helmet allows us to identify this head as a representation of Minerva, or Athena in the Greek pantheon, the warrior goddess. Minerva was widely worshipped by the Romans throughout the empire, and was celebrated in the calendar over five days during the Quinquatrus, between 19-23 March. Given her popularity, representations of the goddess were common in antiquity and some colossal examples, possibly placed in temples or in the forum, still survive, such as the monumental head in the Museo Archeologico Nazionale di Venezia, cf. G. Traversari, Sculture del V.- IV. sec. del Museo Archeologico di Venezia, 1973, p. 36, no. 12.
For another example of Minerva wearing the Attic helmet from Ince Blundell Hall close to the Hope-Farnese type, cf. B. Ashmole, A Catalogue of the Ancient Marbles at Ince Blundell Hall, 1929, p. 77, no. 204, pl. 9.
Another female head of monumental scale wearing the Attic helmet and similar to the present one, was found in Spain during the excavations of the Roman theatre in Osuna. Given the provincial location and its public context, I. Lopez Garcia suggets that the head might represent Dea Roma, a female deity which personified the Roman state and its ideals, cf. Corpus de Esculturas del Imperio Romano, Osuna, vol. I, tome 7, 2017, pp. 77-78, no. 72, pl. XXXI 1-4.