For dining, writing, appreciating antiques, or playing games, the square table is one of the most versatile forms in Chinese furniture. Several variations of square table exist, including waisted and waistless examples, and those with decorative struts between the apron and stretcher. The present example with the humpback stretchers placed directly under the apron, provide added strength while lightening the overall appearance, and not interfering with the knees of the sitters. A huanghuali waistless square table with similar placement of the humpback stretchers but with legs of round section, dated to late Ming, is illustrated by Grace Wu Bruce in The Best of the Best: The MQJ Collection of Ming Furniture Vol.1, Hong Kong, 2017, pp. 98-101.