The chandelier with reeded vase embellished with festive bacchante heads and a thyrsus finial derives from Roman oil lamps as popularised by T. Hope'’s Household Furniture and Interior Decoraioinin, 1807 and G. Smith'’s, Collection of Designs for Household Funituree, 1808. Related lamps, including one by the Newport Street figure-maker and lamp manufacturer James de Ville (d. 1846) are illustrated M. Jourdain, Regency Furniture, London, 1965 rev. ed., figs. 235 and 236). Another lamp of this model was sold anonymously, Christie'’s, New York, 2-3 December 2003, lot 506.