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A SEATED RULER IN A LANDSCAPE

SIGNED MUHAMMAD QASIM, SAFAVID ISFAHAN, IRAN, CIRCA 1640

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A SEATED RULER IN A LANDSCAPE
SIGNED MUHAMMAD QASIM, SAFAVID ISFAHAN, IRAN, CIRCA 1640
Gouache heightened with gold on paper, a ruler in rich floral robes sits upon a gold throne set in a landscape with silver stream and large tree, around him stand a number of attendants including one woman with loose flowing hair and a man leaning upon a red cane, signed in the lower left hand corner beneath the throne, with lines of black nasta'liq above and below arranged in three gold outlined columns, between gold and polychrome rules and minor gold illuminated pink borders on wide gold speckled margins, mounted, framed and glazed
Miniature 5¼ x 4½in. (13.4 x 11.3cm.); folio 13 x 7¾in. (32.9 x 19.6cm.)
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VAT rate of 5% is payable on hammer price and at 15% on the buyer's premium

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William Robinson
William Robinson

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Lot Essay

Muhammad Qasim was a contemporary of Riza-i 'Abbasi, active during the reign of Shah 'Abbas I. Two paintings of his, one in the Royal Library, Windsor Castle, the other in the Chester Beatty Library, Dublin, are illustrated in B.W. Robinson, Persian Paintings: From the 14th through the 19th Century, Boston and Toronto, 1965, pls.62 and 63, pp.90-91; and two more are in Abolola Soudavar, Art of the Persian Courts, New York, 1992, pls.120-21, p.293. Both Robinson and Soudavar date the paintings to around the 1650s, but more recent research by Adel Adamova has convincingly repositioned his works to the early 17th century, presented in a paper given at a conference in Edinburgh, 1998. This paints Muhammad Qasim in a completely different light - innovative rather than derivative, and as a contemporary rather than a pupil of Riza and thus much more influential to the course that Persian painting took in the 17th century.

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