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Amedeo Modigliani (1884-1920)

Elena Povolozky

Details
Amedeo Modigliani (1884-1920)
Modigliani, A.
Elena Povolozky
inscribed 'ELENA' (upper right); signed and dated 'Modigliani 1917' (lower right)
oil on canvas
18 x 13 in. (45.8 x 33.1 cm.)
Painted in 1917
Provenance
Eugne Desclaves, Paris; sale, Htel Drouot, Paris, 26 April 1926. Galerie Jeanne Bucher, Paris.
Anon. sale; Parke-Bernet Galleries, Inc., New York, 6 February 1947, lot 66 (illustrated).
Acquired at the above sale by the late owner.
Literature
A. Pfannstiel, Modigliani, l'art et la vie, Paris, 1956, no. 225 (illustrated).
A. Ceroni, Amedeo Modigliani, dessins et sculptures, Milan, 1965, no. 187 (illustrated).
J. Lanthemann, Modigliani, 1884-1920: Catalogue raisonn, sa vie, son oeuvre complet, son art, Barcelona, 1970, p. 212, no. 196 (illustrated).
O. Patani, Amedeo Modigliani, Catalogo generale, dipinti, Milan, 1991, p. 187, no. 172 (illustrated).
Exhibited
Paris, Galerie de France, Modigliani, December 1945-January 1946.
New York, M. Knoedler & Co., Inc., Twentieth Century Masters from the Bragaline Collection, For the Benefit of The Museum of Early American Folk Arts, November 1963, no. 21 (illustrated).
New York, Acquavella Galleries, Amedeo Modigliani, 1884-1920, October-November 1971, no. 17 (illustrated in color).

Lot Essay

A photo-certificate from Marc Restellini of the Wildenstein Institute dated Paris, 8 February 1999 accompanies this painting.

The present work, painted in Paris in 1917 when Modigliani was ending his affair with Beatrice Hastings and beginning a relationship with Jeanne Hebertune, represents the Polish woman, Elena Povlovzky, believed to be a member of the Montmartre intellectual circle. Leopold Zborowski, the Polish entrepreneur who became Modigliani's dealer, may have introduced Povlozky to the artist. Modigliani painted one other portrait of Elena Povlozky which is in the Phillips Collection, Washington, D.C. (Ceroni, 1972, no. 168). The present painting and its subject have been compared to Picasso's celebrated portrayal of Gertrude Stein: both sitters share a forthright masculine demeanor.
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