Modigliani Lot 1008
Amedeo Modigliani (1884-1920)
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Property of a Distinguished Gentleman
Amedeo Modigliani (1884-1920)

Tête de cariatide

Amedeo Modigliani (1884-1920)
Tête de cariatide
pencil on paper
16 ¾ x 10 3/8 in. (42.6 x 26.3 cm.)
Drawn circa 1910-1911
Dr. Paul Alexandre, Paris.
Hanover Gallery, London (by 1962).
Private collection, Lugano (by 1975).
Galerie Alexandre Iolas, Geneva.
Simon C. Dickinson, Ltd., London.
Acquired from the above by the present owner, November 2004.
A. Ceroni, Amedeo Modigliani, dessins et sculptures, Milan, 1965, p. 30, no. 40 (illustrated).
A. Ceroni and L. Piccioni, I dipinti di Modigliani, Milan, 1970, p. 106 (illustrated).
O. Patani, Modigliani, disegni, Milan, 1976, p. 127, no. 10 (illustrated).
C. Mann, Modigliani, London, 1980, pp. 71 and 211, no. 42 (illustrated, p. 72; titled Head with an Abacus and dated 1911-1912).
C. Parisot, Modigliani, catalogue raisonné, dessins, aquarelles, Livorno, 1990, vol. I, p. 340, no. 14/10 (illustrated, p. 235).
O. Patani, Amedeo Modigliani, catalogo generale, sculture e disegni, 1909-1914, Milan, 1992, p. 103, no. 80 (illustrated).
London, Hanover Gallery, Matisse and Modigliani Drawings, March-April 1962, no. 11 (illustrated; titled Head and dated 1909).
Lugano, Rassegna internazionale delle arti e della cultura, Dalle collezioni d’arte private ticinesi, Maestri Europei del XX secolo, 1975, no. 105.
Verona, Galleria dello Scudo, Modigliani, dipinti e disegni, incontri italiani, 1900-1920, November 1984-January 1985, p. 121, no. 6 (illustrated).
Verona, Galleria d’arte moderna e contemporanea, Palazzo Forti, Modigliani a Montparnasse, 1909-1920, July-October 1988, p. 65 (illustrated).
Paris, Musée de Montmartre and Takasaki, Municipal Museum, Montmartre et les peintres, 1994, p. 139, no. 123 (illustrated in color, p. 95).

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Vanessa Fusco
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Lot Essay

In the early stages of Modigliani’s career, he aspired to be a sculptor. Though he experimented with stone carving in Carrara at the age of 18, he could not afford to fully commit himself to the medium. Modigliani was a long-time admirer of Constantin Brancusi, and in 1909, Paul Alexandre introduced him to the Romanian artist, who would become a significant influence and mentor to the young Italian. Brancusi’s impact can be most clearly witnessed in Modigliani’s return to working with stone. From 1910 to 1913, he dedicated himself to sculpture, of which only 25 examples have survived. With the high cost of limestone, the material was precious and thus drawing became integral to his process, with the walls of his studio punctuated with the architectural studies of heads. Modigliani’s unreliable income also required him to move frequently from one studio to another and each time the drawings would be rehung. Tête de cariatide exhibits several artist’s tack-holes at the edges from this activity and underscores its close relationship to his sculpture of the period.
As a draughtsman, Modigliani focused on a narrow range of themes including idol-like heads, kneeling caryatids and a single standing figure. His intense preoccupation with sculptural form was the dominant force in his work. He became obsessed with the caryatid both as a sensual figure and as a functional architectural element. The figures transform from expressive and emotional to austere and geometric. With Tête de cariatide, he unites natural form with sculptural artifice to create a seductive yet hieratic form. Modigliani’s streamlined aesthetic dealt away with decoration and setting in his drawings. From his formative years spent in Florence and Venice, Modigliani was familiar with medieval Italian sculpture. His inspiration for sculpture derives from the Etruscans but also from African and Asian art—all of which were fashionable artistic trends in Paris in the early decades of the 20th century. As early as 1909 through the influence of Alexandre, he discovered African Art and Khmer sculpture in the Trocadéro, becoming enchanted by such figures and turning to them for his own artistic innovation.
Alexandre, close friend of the artist and the first owner of Tête de cariatide, explained, “In his drawings, there is invention, simplification, and purification of the shape. This is why African primitive art had seduced him. Modigliani recreated in his own way the lines of the human figure by inserting them in the negroid canons. He experimented all attempts of simplification of the lines and was interested in these for his own personal research" (quoted in N. Alexandre, Modigliani inconnu, témoignages, documents et dessins inédits de l’ancienne collection de Paul Alexandre, Paris, 1993, pp. 43-44).

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