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AN IMPORTANT GEORGE II SILVER TUREEN MADE FOR ROBERT WALPOLE
PROPERTY FROM THE ESTATE OF JANICE NEWMAN ROSENTHAL
AN IMPORTANT GEORGE II SILVER TUREEN MADE FOR ROBERT WALPOLE

MARK OF PAUL CRESPIN, LONDON, 1733

Details
AN IMPORTANT GEORGE II SILVER TUREEN MADE FOR ROBERT WALPOLE
MARK OF PAUL CRESPIN, LONDON, 1733
Oblong with double-ogee ends, on four lion's-mask and paw feet centering a circular boss, the body applied with radiating strapwork with alternating husk terminals against a matted reserve, the cover chased with conforming decoration, with an oval handle, the body with two pendant handles, the body and cover engraved with the Walpole crest within a garter motto, the boss engraved with scratchweight 95 = 3, marked under body and under cover
15¼ in. (38.7 cm.) long; 128 oz. 10 dwt. (4,000 gr.)
Provenance
Sir Robert Walpole (1676-1745), after 1742 1st Earl of Orford, of Houghton Hall, Norfolk, first Prime Minister of Great Britain

Horace Walpole (1717-1797), 4th Earl of Orford, of Strawberry Hill, Twickenham

Catalogue of the Classic Contents of Strawberry Hill collected by Horace Walpole, George Robins auctioneer, 5 May 1842, lot 124 (part)

Sotheby's, London, 9 July 1964, lot 102 (part)

S.J. Shrubsole, New York, September 8, 1965
Literature
Elaine Barr, George Wickes, Royal Goldsmith, 1980, pp. 24-25
Christopher Hartop, The Huguenot Legacy, 1996, pp. 178-181
Exhibited
Art Treasures Exhibition, London, 1928, no. 999

Condition Report

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Lot Essay

CAPTIONS

Sir Robert Walpole's account in George Wickes's Gentleman's Ledgers, 29 July 1738 (c) Victoria and Albert Museum, London

Sir Robert Walpole, later 1st Earl of Orford (1676-1745), by Sir Godfrey Kneller, circa 1710-1715 National Portrait Gallery, Given by The Art Fund, 1945

Horace Walpole, 4th Earl of Orford (1717-1797), by John Giles Eccardt, 1754 National Portrait Gallery, Purchased, 1895

Sir Robert Walpole acquired this baroque tureen to fit into the magnificent interiors of Houghton Hall, decorated by William Kent from 1725 to 1735.

The provenance of the tureen is exceptionally well documented, first in Robert Walpole's collection at Houghton and again in the collection of his youngest son and heir Horace Walpole, builder of Strawberry Hill. In 1738, royal goldsmith George Wickes recorded in his ledger that he cleaned this tureen, made a pair to it, and engraved both pieces with the Walpole badge. The transaction is listed under Robert Walpole's account for July 29, 1738, describing "byling [boiling] and doing up a tureen as new" and "graving 4 crests and garters."

The Crespin tureen and its pair by Wickes were again recorded in the celebrated Strawberry Hill sale of 1842, each described as "An elegant shaped OCTAGON SOUP TUREEN AND COVER, chased mat and leaf ornaments, on bold Lion masque feet." The tureens reappeared together at auction in 1964, and were purchased by Janice Rosenthal in 1965. In 2002, she sold the Wickes example to the Norwich Castle Museum, near Houghton Hall in Norfolk. Together with the present tureen, it is a rare survival of the large amount of silver ordered for Houghton by the important patron Robert Walpole.

The only other known tureen made to this design is marked by Benjamin Godfrey, circa 1735, now in the collection of the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. (The Wickes example of 1738 and the Godfrey example are illustrated in Christopher Hartop, The Huguenot Legacy, 1996, pp. 179-180.)
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