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An Iznik grape dish
An Iznik grape dish

OTTOMAN TURKEY, CIRCA 1550-60

Details
An Iznik grape dish
Ottoman Turkey, circa 1550-60
With cusped sloping rim on short foot, the white interior painted in cobalt-blue and turquoise with three bunches of grapes on the vine, the scalloped leaves issuing scrolling tendrils, the cavetto with floral sprays, the rim with stylised wave and rock design, the exterior with similar floral sprays to those on the cavetto, intact, one chip to the rim another to the side
137/8in. (35.3cm.) diam.
Literature
Haase, Claus-Peter, Kröger, Jens and Lienert, Ursula: Oriental Splendour, Islamic Art from German Private Collections, Hamburg, 1993, no.70, pp.116-7.
Exhibited
Museum für Kunst und Gewerbe, Hamburg, 1993

Lot Essay

The design of this dish very obviously follows a Chinese prototype; it was made at a time when Chinese wares were finding their way into the Topkapi Palace Collections and which saw copies of a number of Chinese blue and white designs being produced at Iznik. Of all the prototypes it was the grape design that proved the most popular (for a discussion of this see Atasoy, N. and Raby, J.: The Pottery of Ottoman Turkey, London, 1989, pp.121-124 and pls. 313 and 317).
While the present dish has an early form of the "wave and rock" border, and has the classic blue and turquoise colours of the dishes of 1530, combined with an absence of the border line around the central vine panel, details of the drawing indicate it is probably of the following generation. The floral forms around the cavetto are simplified and do not have the alteration of form see for instance on lot 48. There is also a playfulness seen in the alternate colouring of the individual grapes, which gives it a liveliness well set off by the open spacing of the various motifs, particularly in the cavetto.
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